Detroit River International will be Closed to Sportfishing.

The Fish and Wildlife Service proposes to add one refuge to the list of areas open for hunting and/or sport fishing, close one refuge to hunt activities, close one hunt opportunity at one refuge, and increase the hunting activities available at 16 other refuges, along with pertinent refuge-specific regulations on other refuges that pertain to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, and sport fishing for the 2012-2013 season. Detroit River International will be closed to sportfishing. 

They will accept comments received or postmarked on or before August 10, 2012.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments by one of the following methods:

     Electronically: Go to the Federal eRulemaking Portal: 

http://www.regulations.gov. In the Search field, enter Docket No. FWS-

R9-NWRS-2012-0022, which is the docket number for this rulemaking. 

Then, click on the Search button. On the resulting screen, find the 

correct document and submit a comment by clicking on ``Comment Now!''

     By hard copy: Submit by U.S. mail or hand delivery: Public 

Comments Processing, Attn: FWS-R9-NWRS-2012-0022; Division of Policy 

and Directives Management; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; 4401 N. 

Fairfax Drive, MS 2042-PDM; Arlington, VA 22203.

We will not accept email or faxes. We will post all comments on http://www.regulations.gov. This generally means that we will post any 

personal information you provide us (see the Request for Comments 

section below for more information). For information on specific 

refuges' public use programs and the conditions that apply to them or 

for copies of compatibility determinations for any refuge(s), contact 

individual programs at the addresses/phone numbers given in ``Available 

Information for Specific Refuges'' under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Leslie A. Marler, (703) 358-2397.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The National Wildlife Refuge System 

Administration Act of 1966 closes national wildlife refuges in all 

States except Alaska to all uses until opened. The Secretary of the 

Interior (Secretary) may open refuge areas to any use, including 

hunting and/or sport fishing, upon a determination that such uses are 

compatible with the purposes of the refuge and National Wildlife Refuge 

System (Refuge System or our/we) mission. The action also must be in 

accordance with provisions of all laws applicable to the areas, 

developed in coordination with the appropriate State fish and wildlife 

agency(ies), consistent with the principles of sound fish and wildlife 

management and administration, and otherwise in the public interest. 

These requirements ensure that we maintain the biological integrity, 

diversity, and environmental health of the Refuge System for the 

benefit of present and future generations of Americans.

    We annually review refuge hunting and sport fishing programs to 

determine whether to include additional refuges or whether individual 

refuge regulations governing existing programs need modifications. 

Changing environmental conditions, State and Federal regulations, and 

other factors affecting fish and wildlife populations and habitat may 

warrant modifications to refuge-specific regulations to ensure the 

continued compatibility of hunting and sport fishing programs and to 

ensure that these programs will not materially interfere with or 

detract from the fulfillment of refuge purposes or the Refuge System's 

mission.

    Provisions governing hunting and sport fishing on refuges are in 

title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations in part 32 (50 CFR part 

32). We regulate hunting and sport fishing on refuges to:

     Ensure compatibility with refuge purpose(s);

     Properly manage the fish and wildlife resource(s);

     Protect other refuge values;

     Ensure refuge visitor safety; and

     Provide opportunities for quality fish- and wildlife-

dependent recreation.

    On many refuges where we decide to allow hunting and sport fishing, 

our general policy of adopting regulations identical to State hunting 

and sport fishing regulations is adequate in meeting these objectives. 

On other refuges, we must supplement State regulations with more-

restrictive Federal regulations to ensure that we meet our management 

responsibilities, as outlined in the ``Statutory Authority'' section. 

We issue refuge-specific hunting and sport fishing regulations when we 

open wildlife refuges to migratory game bird hunting, upland game 

hunting, big game hunting, or sport fishing. These regulations list the 

wildlife species that you may hunt or fish, seasons, bag or creel 

(container for carrying fish) limits, methods of hunting or sport 

fishing, descriptions of areas open to hunting or sport fishing, and 

other provisions as appropriate. You may find previously issued refuge-

specific regulations for hunting and sport fishing in 50 CFR part 32. 

In this rulemaking, we are also proposing to standardize and clarify 

the language of existing regulations.

Statutory Authority

 The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 

U.S.C. 668dd-668ee, as amended by the National Wildlife Refuge System 

Improvement Act of 1997 [Improvement Act]) (Administration Act), and 

the Refuge Recreation Act of 1962 (16 U.S.C. 460k--460k-4) (Recreation 

Act) govern the administration and public use of refuges.

    Amendments enacted by the Improvement Act, built upon the 

Administration Act in a manner that provides an ``organic act'' for the 

Refuge System, are similar to those that exist for other public Federal 

lands. The Improvement Act serves to ensure that we effectively manage 

the Refuge System as a national network of lands, waters, and interests 

for the protection and conservation of our Nation's wildlife resources. 

The Administration Act states first and foremost that we focus our 

Refuge System mission on conservation of fish, wildlife, and plant 

resources and their habitats. The Improvement Act requires the 

Secretary, before allowing a new use of a refuge, or before expanding, 

renewing, or extending an existing use of a refuge, to determine that 

the use is compatible with the purpose for which the refuge was 

established and the mission of the Refuge System. The Improvement Act 

established as the policy of the United States that wildlife-dependent 

recreation, when compatible, is a legitimate and appropriate public use 

of the Refuge System, through which the American public can develop an 

appreciation for fish and wildlife. The Improvement Act established six 

wildlife-dependent recreational uses as the priority general public 

uses of the Refuge System. These uses are: hunting, fishing, wildlife 

observation and photography, and environmental education and 

interpretation.

    The Recreation Act authorizes the Secretary to administer areas 

within the Refuge System for public recreation as 

an appropriate incidental or secondary use only to the extent that 

doing so is practicable and not inconsistent with the primary 

purpose(s) for which Congress and the Service established the areas. 

The Recreation Act requires that any recreational use of refuge lands 

be compatible with the primary purpose(s) for which we established the 

refuge and not inconsistent with other previously authorized 

operations.

    The Administration Act and Recreation Act also authorize the 

Secretary to issue regulations to carry out the purposes of the Acts 

and regulate uses.

    We develop specific management plans for each refuge prior to 

opening it to hunting or sport fishing. In many cases, we develop 

refuge-specific regulations to ensure the compatibility of the programs 

with the purpose(s) for which we established the refuge and the Refuge 

System mission. We ensure initial compliance with the Administration 

Act and the Recreation Act for hunting and sport fishing on newly 

acquired refuges through an interim determination of compatibility made 

at or near the time of acquisition. These regulations ensure that we 

make the determinations required by these acts prior to adding refuges 

to the lists of areas open to hunting and sport fishing in 50 CFR part 

32. We ensure continued compliance by the development of comprehensive 

conservation plans, specific plans, and by annual review of hunting and 

sport fishing programs and regulations.

Amendments to Existing Regulations

 This document proposes to codify in the Code of Federal Regulations 

all of the Service's hunting and/or sport fishing regulations that are 

applicable at Refuge System units previously opened to hunting and/or 

sport fishing. We are doing this to better inform the general public of 

the regulations at each refuge, to increase understanding and 

compliance with these regulations, and to make enforcement of these 

regulations more efficient. In addition to now finding these 

regulations in 50 CFR part 32, visitors to our refuges will usually 

find them reiterated in literature distributed by each refuge or posted 

on signs.

    We have cross-referenced a number of existing regulations in 50 CFR 

parts 26, 27, 28, and 32 to assist hunting and sport fishing visitors 

with understanding safety and other legal requirements on refuges. This 

redundancy is deliberate, with the intention of improving safety and 

compliance in our hunting and sport fishing programs.

 

                                                  Table 1--Changes for 2012-2013 Hunting/Fishing Season

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                               Migratory bird

           Refuge/region                    State                 hunting          Upland game  hunting    Big game hunting          Sport fishing

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Big Muddy (3).....................  Missouri.............  C....................  C....................  C...................  Already open.

Big Oaks (3)......................  Indiana..............  Closed...............  Already open.........  C...................  Already open.

Block Island (3)..................  Rhode Island.........  Closed...............  Closed...............  B deer..............  Already open.

Bond Swamp (4)....................  Georgia..............  B....................  B....................  C/D turkey..........  Already open.

Chickasaw (4).....................  Tennessee............  C....................  C....................  C...................  Already open.

Deer Flat (1).....................  Idaho................  Already open.........  Already open.........  C...................  Already open.

Detroit River International (3)...  Michigan.............  A....................  A....................  A...................  Closed.

Hagerman (2)......................  Texas................  Already open.........  Already open.........  D turkey............  Already open.

Hakalau Forest (1)................  Hawaii...............  Closed...............  Closed...............  E...................  Closed.

Hanford Reach/Saddle Mt. (1)......  Washington...........  C....................  C/D chukar...........  C...................  Already open.

Julia Butler Hansen (1)...........  Oregon...............  C....................  Closed...............  Closed..............  Already open.

Lower Hatchie (4).................  Tennessee............  C....................  C....................  C...................  Already open.

Minnesota Valley (3)..............  Minnesota............  C....................  C....................  C...................  Already open.

Ninigret (5)......................  Rhode Island.........  Closed...............  Closed...............  B deer..............  Already open.

Red Rock Lakes (6)................  Montana..............  C....................  Closed...............  C...................  Already open.

Santee (4)........................  South Carolina.......  E....................  Already open.........  Already open........  Already open.

Upper Ouachita (4)................  Louisiana............  C....................  C....................  C...................  Already open.

Waccamaw (4)......................  South Carolina.......  D Woodcock...........  Already open.........  C...................  Already open.

William L. Finley (1).............  Oregon...............  Closed...............  Closed...............  C...................  Already open.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A = New refuge opened.

B = New activity on a refuge previously opened to other activities.

C = Refuge already open to activity but added new land/waters which increased activity.

D = Refuge already open to activity but added new species to hunt.

E = Refuge closing to previously opened activity.

 

    We are closing and reserving big game hunting on the Hakalau Forest 

National Wildlife Refuge in the State of Hawaii. We opened the Maulua 

tract (2,000 acres) of Hakalau Forest NWR to the public for pig and 

cattle hunting in 1991 (with most of the area never hunted) but closed 

it in 2000 as hunting had reduced the pig population to such low 

numbers as to provide an unacceptable hunting experience. As there were 

few cattle, they were quickly removed. We have received no requests for 

approval to hunt on Hakalau Forest NWR since 2000.

    We are closing and reserving migratory bird game hunting on Santee 

National Wildlife Refuge in the State of South Carolina. The refuge 

will remain open both for upland and big game hunting as well as for 

sport fishing. The refuge established a mourning dove hunt in 1975 when 

historic land management practices on the refuge were productive for 

both resident and migratory mourning dove habitat. We farmed over 500 

acres of corn, wheat, and soybean annually in the Cuddo Unit of the 

refuge. Over time, however, land management practices and objectives 

for habitat management adapted and changed, and farming practices are 

now minimal. Without habitat suitable for mourning dove or the hunting 

of mourning dove, the refuge has had no public interest in the morning 

dove hunt. There have been no recorded mourning dove hunting visits 

since 2003.

    We also added Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District in the 

State of Nebraska to the list of refuges in part 32. As set forth in 50 

CFR 32.1 and 32.4, ``Lands acquired as `waterfowl production areas' 

shall annually be open to the hunting of migratory game birds, upland 

game, big game and sport

 

[[Page 41004]]

 

fishing subject to the provisions of State law and regulations and the 

pertinent provisions of parts 25 through 31 of this subchapter: 

Provided, That all forms of hunting or entry on all or any part of the 

individual areas may be temporarily suspended by posting upon occasions 

of unusual or critical conditions of, or affecting land, water, 

vegetation, or wildlife populations.''

    The changes for the 2012-13 hunting/fishing season noted in the 

chart above are each based on a complete administrative record which, 

among other detailed documentation, also includes a hunt plan, a 

compatibility determination, and the appropriate National Environmental 

Policy Act (NEPA; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) analysis, all of which were 

the subject of a public review and comment process. These documents are 

available upon request.

 

Fish Advisory

 

    For health reasons, anglers should review and follow State-issued 

consumption advisories before enjoying recreational sport fishing 

opportunities on Service-managed waters. You can find information about 

current fish consumption advisories on the internet at: http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/fish/.

 

Plain Language Mandate

 

    In this proposed rule we made some of the revisions to the 

individual refuge units to comply with a Presidential mandate to use 

plain language in regulations; as such, these particular revisions do 

not modify the substance of the previous regulations. These types of 

changes include using ``you'' to refer to the reader and ``we'' to 

refer to the Refuge System, using the word ``allow'' instead of 

``permit'' when we do not require the use of a permit for an activity, 

and using active voice (i.e., ``We restrict entry into the refuge'' vs. 

``Entry into the refuge is restricted'').

 

Request for Comments

 

    You may submit comment and materials on this proposed rule by any 

one of the methods listed in the ADDRESSES section. We will not accept 

comments sent by email or fax or to an address not listed in the 

ADDRESSES section. We will not consider hand-delivered comments that we 

do not receive, or mailed comments that are not postmarked, by the date 

specified in the DATES section.

    We will post your entire comment on http://www.regulations.gov. 

Before including personal identifying information in your comment, you 

should be aware that we may make your entire comment--including your 

personal identifying information--publicly available at any time. While 

you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying 

information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be 

able to do so. We will post all hardcopy comments on http://www.regulations.gov.

 

Public Comment

 

    Department of the Interior policy is, whenever practicable, to 

afford the public a meaningful opportunity to participate in the 

rulemaking process. The process of opening refuges is done in stages, 

with the fundamental work being performed on the ground at the refuge 

and in the community where the program is administered. In these 

stages, the public is given other opportunities to comment, for 

example, on the comprehensive conservation plans and the compatibility 

determinations. The second stage is this document, when we publish the 

proposed rule in the Federal Register for additional comment, commonly 

for a 30-day comment period.

    There is nothing contained in this annual regulation outside the 

scope of the annual review process where we determine whether 

individual refuges need modifications, deletions, or additions made to 

them. We make every attempt to collect all of the proposals from the 

refuges nationwide and process them expeditiously to maximize the time 

available for public review. We believe that a 30-day comment period, 

through the broader publication following the earlier public 

involvement, gives the public sufficient time to comment and allows us 

to establish hunting and fishing programs in time for the upcoming 

seasons. Many of these rules also relieve restrictions and allow the 

public to participate in recreational activities on a number of 

refuges. In addition, in order to continue to provide for previously 

authorized hunting opportunities while at the same time providing for 

adequate resource protection, we must be timely in providing 

modifications to certain hunting programs on some refuges.

    We considered providing a 60-day, rather than a 30-day, comment 

period. However, we determined that an additional 30-day delay in 

processing these refuge-specific hunting and sport fishing regulations 

would hinder the effective planning and administration of our hunting 

and sport fishing programs. Such a delay would jeopardize enacting 

amendments to hunting and sport fishing programs in time for 

implementation this year and/or early next year, or shorten the 

duration of these programs.

    Even after issuance of a final rule, we accept comments, 

suggestions, and concerns for consideration for any appropriate 

subsequent rulemaking.

    When finalized, we will incorporate these regulations into 50 CFR 

part 32. Part 32 contains general provisions and refuge-specific 

regulations for hunting and sport fishing on refuges.

 

Clarity of This Rule

 

    We are required by Executive Orders 12866 and 12988 and by the 

Presidential Memorandum of June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain 

language. This means that each rule we publish must:

    (a) Be logically organized;

    (b) Use the active voice to address readers directly;

    (c) Use clear language rather than jargon;

    (d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and

    (e) Use lists and tables wherever possible.

    If you feel that we have not met these requirements, send us 

comments by one of the methods listed in the ADDRESSES section. To 

better help us revise the rule, your comments should be a specific as 

possible. For example, you should tell us the numbers of the sections 

or paragraphs that are unclearly written, which sections or sentences 

are too long, the sections where you feel lists or tables would be 

useful, etc.

 

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

 

    Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and 

Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant rules. OIRA has 

determined that this rule is not significant.

    Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while 

calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote 

predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most 

innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. 

The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches 

that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for 

the public where those approaches are relevant, feasible, and 

consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further 

that we must base regulations on the best available science and that 

the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open 

exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent 

with these requirements.

 

[[Page 41005]]

 

Regulatory Flexibility Act

 

    Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (as amended by the Small 

Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act [SBREFA] of 1996) (5 

U.S.C. 601 et seq.), whenever a Federal agency is required to publish a 

notice of rulemaking for any proposed or final rule, it must prepare 

and make available for public comment a regulatory flexibility analysis 

that describes the effect of the rule on small entities (i.e., small 

businesses, small organizations, and small government jurisdictions). 

However, no regulatory flexibility analysis is required if the head of 

an agency certifies that the rule would not have a significant economic 

impact on a substantial number of small entities. Thus, for a 

regulatory flexibility analysis to be required, impacts must exceed a 

threshold for ``significant impact'' and a threshold for a 

``substantial number of small entities.'' See 5 U.S.C. 605(b). SBREFA 

amended the Regulatory Flexibility Act to require Federal agencies to 

provide a statement of the factual basis for certifying that a rule 

would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of 

small entities.

    This proposed rule adds 1 national wildlife refuge to the list of 

refuges open to hunting, increases hunting activities on 16 national 

wildlife refuges, closes 1 national wildlife refuge that was previously 

open to hunting, and closes 1 hunting activity previously open at 1 

national wildlife refuge. As a result, visitor use for wildlife-

dependent recreation on these national wildlife refuges will change. If 

the refuges establishing new programs were a pure addition to the 

current supply of such activities, it would mean an estimated increase 

of 7,960 user days (one person per day participating in a recreational 

opportunity) (Table 2). Because the participation trend is flat in 

these activities since 1991, this increase in supply will most likely 

be offset by other sites losing participants. Therefore, this is likely 

to be a substitute site for the activity and not necessarily an 

increase in participation rates for the activity.

 

   Table 2--Estimated Change in Recreation Opportunities in 2012/2013

                         [Dollars in thousands]

------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                           Additional

              Refuge                 Additional days      expenditures

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Big Muddy.........................                 30               $1.0

Big Oaks..........................                100                3.3

Block Island......................                 60                2.0

Bond Swamp........................              1,000               32.6

Chickasaw.........................                150                4.9

Deer Flat.........................              3,300              107.7

Detroit River International.......              1,021               33.3

Hagerman..........................                194                6.3

Hakalau Forest....................                  0                0.0

Hanford Reach/Saddle Mountain.....                260                8.5

Julia Butler Hansen...............                900               29.4

Lower Hatchie.....................                300                9.8

Minnesota Valley..................                200                6.5

Ninigret..........................                347               11.3

Red Rock Lakes....................                 52                1.7

Santee............................                  0                0.0

Upper Ouachita....................                 50                1.6

Waccamaw..........................                  4                0.1

William L. Finley.................                 -8              *-0.3

                                   -------------------------------------

    Total.........................              7,960              259.7

------------------------------------------------------------------------

*Negative number resulting from decreased hunting days available despite

  increased acres to hunt.

 

    To the extent visitors spend time and money in the area of the 

refuge that they would not have spent there anyway, they contribute new 

income to the regional economy and benefit local businesses. Due to the 

unavailability of site-specific expenditure data, we use the national 

estimates from the 2006 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and 

Wildlife Associated Recreation to identify expenditures for food and 

lodging, transportation, and other incidental expenses. Using the 

average expenditures for these categories with the maximum expected 

additional participation of the Refuge System yields approximately 

$259,700 in recreation-related expenditures (Table 2). By having ripple 

effects throughout the economy, these direct expenditures are only part 

of the economic impact of these recreational activities. Using a 

national impact multiplier for hunting activities (2.67) derived from 

the report ``Economic Importance of Hunting in America'' yields a total 

economic impact of approximately $693,500 (2011 dollars) (Southwick 

Associates, Inc., 2007). Using a local impact multiplier would yield 

more accurate and smaller results. However, we employed the national 

impact multiplier due to the difficulty in developing local multipliers 

for each specific region.

    Since we know that most of the fishing and hunting occurs within 

100 miles of a participant's residence, then it is unlikely that most 

of this spending would be ``new'' money coming into a local economy; 

therefore, this spending would be offset with a decrease in some other 

sector of the local economy. The net gain to the local economies would 

be no more than $693,500, and most likely considerably less. Since 80 

percent of the participants travel less than 100 miles to engage in 

hunting and fishing activities, their spending patterns would not add 

new money into the local economy and, therefore, the real impact would 

be on the order of about $138,700 annually.

    Small businesses within the retail trade industry (such as hotels, 

gas stations, taxidermy shops, bait and tackle shops, etc.) may be 

impacted from some increased or decreased refuge visitation. A large 

percentage of these retail trade establishments in the local 

communities around national wildlife

 

[[Page 41006]]

 

refuges qualify as small businesses. We expect that the incremental 

recreational changes will be scattered, and so we do not expect that 

the rule would have a significant economic effect on a substantial 

number of small entities in any region or nationally. As noted 

previously, we expect approximately $259,700 to be spent in total in 

the refuges' local economies. The maximum increase at most would be 

less than one-tenth of 1 percent for local retail trade spending (Table 

3).

 

  Table 3--Comparative Expenditures for Retail Trade Associated With Additional Refuge Visitation for 2012/2013

                                            [Thousands, 2011 dollars]

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                     Estimated

                                   Retail trade       maximum      Addition as %  Establishments   Establ. with

 Refuge/county(ies) or parishes       in 2007      addition from     of total         in 2009       <10 emp in

                                                  new activities                                       2009

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Big Muddy

    Moniteau, MO................        $173,206            $1.0           0.001              56              43

Big Oaks

    Ripley, IN..................         277,024             1.1          <0.001              97              74

    Jefferson, IN...............         415,188             1.1          <0.001             152             118

    Jennings, IN................         242,792             1.1          <0.001              72              54

Block Island

    Washington, RI..............       1,873,234             2.0          <0.001             545             398

Bond Swamp

    Bibb, GA....................         135,291            16.3           0.012             815             575

    Twiggs, GA..................          32,915            16.3           0.050              16              12

Chickasaw

    Lauderdale, TN..............         164,722             2.4           0.001              85              65

    Dyer, TN....................         557,684             2.4          <0.001             182             140

Deer Flat

    Payette, ID.................         557,684           107.7           0.019              68              52

Detroit River International

    Wayne, MI...................      18,741,934            16.7          <0.001           6,069           4,702

    Monroe, MI..................       1,589,678            16.7           0.001             383             267

Hagerman

    Grayson, TX.................       1,730,094             6.3          <0.001             457             327

Hanford Reach/Saddle Mountain

    Benton, WA..................       2,302,112             8.5          <0.001             587             399

Julia Butler Hansen

    Columbia, OR................         684,891            29.4           0.004             119              83

Lower Hatchie

    Lauderdale, TN..............         164,722             4.9           0.003              85              65

    Tipton, TN..................         438,464             4.9           0.001             156             119

Minnesota Valley

    Sibley, MN..................          81,861             3.3           0.004              59              46

    Scott, MN...................       1,268,971             3.3          <0.001             344             234

Ninigret

    Washington, RI..............       1,873,234            11.3           0.001             545             398

Red Rock Lakes

    Beaverhead, MT..............         133,341             1.7           0.001              53              37

Upper Ouachita

    Union, LA...................         160,639             0.8           0.001              68              55

    Morehouse, LA...............         261,859             0.8          <0.001              96              70

Waccamaw

    Georgetown, SC..............         761,751            0.04          <0.001             295             229

    Horry, SC...................       5,388,805            0.04          <0.001           1,707           1,241

    Marion, SC..................         292,846            0.04          <0.001             135             103

William L. Finley

    Benton, OR..................         743,322            -0.3          <0.001             275             192

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

    With the small change in overall spending anticipated from this 

proposed rule, it is unlikely that a substantial number of small 

entities would have more than a small impact from the spending change 

near the affected refuges. Therefore, we certify that this proposed 

rule would not have a significant economic effect on a substantial 

number of small entities as defined under the Regulatory Flexibility 

Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). An initial/final Regulatory Flexibility 

Analysis is not required. Accordingly, a Small Entity Compliance Guide 

is not required.

 

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

 

    The proposed rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the 

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. We anticipate no 

significant employment or small business effects. This rule:

    a. Would not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million 

or more. The minimal impact would be scattered across the country and 

would most likely not be significant in any local area.

    b. Would not cause a major increase in costs or prices for 

consumers; individual industries; Federal, State, or local government 

agencies; or

 

[[Page 41007]]

 

geographic regions. This proposed rule would have only a slight effect 

on the costs of hunting opportunities for Americans. If the substitute 

sites are farther from the participants' residences, then an increase 

in travel costs would occur. The Service does not have information to 

quantify this change in travel cost but assumes that, since most people 

travel less than 100 miles to hunt, the increased travel cost would be 

small. We do not expect this proposed rule to affect the supply or 

demand for hunting opportunities in the United States and, therefore, 

it should not affect prices for hunting equipment and supplies, or the 

retailers that sell equipment.

    c. Would not have significant adverse effects on competition, 

employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of 

United States-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based 

enterprises. This proposed rule represents only a small proportion of 

recreational spending at national wildlife refuges. Therefore, this 

rule would have no measurable economic effect on the wildlife-dependent 

industry, which has annual sales of equipment and travel expenditures 

of $72 billion nationwide.

 

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

 

    Since this proposed rule would apply to public use of federally 

owned and managed refuges, it would not impose an unfunded mandate on 

State, local, or Tribal governments or the private sector of more than 

$100 million per year. The rule would not have a significant or unique 

effect on State, local, or Tribal governments or the private sector. A 

statement containing the information required by the Unfunded Mandates 

Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) is not required.

 

Takings (E.O. 12630)

 

    In accordance with E.O. 12630, this proposed rule would not have 

significant takings implications. This regulation would affect only 

visitors at national wildlife refuges and describe what they can do 

while they are on a refuge.

 

Federalism (E.O. 13132)

 

    As discussed in the Regulatory Planning and Review and Unfunded 

Mandates Reform Act sections above, this proposed rule would not have 

sufficient Federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a 

Federalism Assessment under E.O. 13132. In preparing this proposed 

rule, we worked with State governments.

 

Civil Justice Reform (E.O. 12988)

 

    In accordance with E.O. 12988, the Office of the Solicitor has 

determined that the proposed rule would not unduly burden the judicial 

system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) 

of the Order. The regulation would clarify established regulations and 

result in better understanding of the regulations by refuge visitors.

 

Energy Supply, Distribution or Use (E.O. 13211)

 

    On May 18, 2001, the President issued E.O. 13211 on regulations 

that significantly affect energy supply, distribution, and use. E.O. 

13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when 

undertaking certain actions. Because this proposed rule would increase 

activities at 16 refuges, close hunting at one refuge, stop one hunt at 

another refuge, and open one new refuge, it is not a significant 

regulatory action under E.O. 12866, and we do not expect it to 

significantly affect energy supplies, distribution, and use. Therefore, 

this action is a not a significant energy action and no Statement of 

Energy Effects is required.

 

Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments (E.O. 

13175)

 

    In accordance with E.O. 13175, we have evaluated possible effects 

on federally recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there 

are no effects. We coordinate recreational use on national wildlife 

refuges with Tribal governments having adjoining or overlapping 

jurisdiction before we propose the regulations.

 

Paperwork Reduction Act

 

    This regulation does not contain any information collection 

requirements other than those already approved by the Office of 

Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 

et seq.) (OMB Control Numbers are 1018-0102 and 1018-0140). See 50 CFR 

25.23 for information concerning that approval. An agency may not 

conduct or sponsor and a person is not required to respond to a 

collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB 

control number.

 

Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation

 

    We comply with section 7 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as 

amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), when developing Comprehensive 

Conservation Plans (CCPs) and step-down management plans (which would 

include hunting and/or fishing plans) for public use of refuges, and 

prior to implementing any new or revised public recreation program on a 

refuge as identified in 50 CFR 26.32. We have completed section 7 

consultation on each of the affected refuges.

 

National Environmental Policy Act

 

    We analyzed this proposed rule in accordance with the criteria of 

the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 

4332(C)), 43 CFR part 46, and 516 Departmental Manual (DM) 8.

    A categorical exclusion from NEPA documentation applies to 

publication of proposed amendments to refuge-specific hunting and 

fishing regulations since they are technical and procedural in nature, 

and the environmental effects are too broad, speculative, or 

conjectural to lend themselves to meaningful analysis (43 CFR 46.210 

and 516 DM 8). Concerning the actions that are the subject of this 

proposed rulemaking, we have complied with NEPA at the project level 

when developing each proposal. This is consistent with the Department 

of the Interior instructions for compliance with NEPA where actions are 

covered sufficiently by an earlier environmental document (516 DM 

3.2A).

    Prior to the addition of a refuge to the list of areas open to 

hunting and fishing in 50 CFR part 32, we develop hunting and fishing 

plans for the affected refuges. We incorporate these proposed refuge 

hunting and fishing activities in the refuge CCPs and/or other step-

down management plans, pursuant to our refuge planning guidance in 602 

Fish and Wildlife Service Manual (FW) 1, 3, and 4. We prepare these 

CCPs and step-down plans in compliance with section 102(2)(C) of NEPA, 

and the Council on Environmental Quality's regulations for implementing 

NEPA in 40 CFR parts 1500-1508. We invite the affected public to 

participate in the review, development, and implementation of these 

plans. Copies of all plans and NEPA compliance are available from the 

refuges at the addresses provided below.

 

Available Information for Specific Refuges

 

    Individual refuge headquarters have information about public use 

programs and conditions that apply to their specific programs and maps 

of their respective areas. To find out how to contact a specific 

refuge, contact the appropriate Regional office listed below:

 

Region 1--Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. Regional Chief, 

National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and

 

[[Page 41008]]

 

Wildlife Service, Eastside Federal Complex, Suite 1692, 911 NE. 11th 

Avenue, Portland, OR 97232-4181; Telephone (503) 231-6214.

Region 2--Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. Regional Chief, 

National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Box 

1306, 500 Gold Avenue, Albuquerque, NM 87103; Telephone (505) 248-7419.

Region 3--Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, 

and Wisconsin. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. 

Fish and Wildlife Service, 1 Federal Drive, Federal Building, Fort 

Snelling, Twin Cities, MN 55111; Telephone (612) 713-5401. Detroit 

River International Wildlife Refuge, 9311 Groh Road, Large Lakes 

Research Station, Grossle Ile, MI 43138; Telephone (734) 692-7608.

Region 4--Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, 

Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Puerto Rico, 

and the Virgin Islands. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge 

System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1875 Century Boulevard, 

Atlanta, GA 30345; Telephone (404) 679-7166.

Region 5--Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, 

Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode 

Island, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia. Regional Chief, National 

Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 300 Westgate 

Center Drive, Hadley, MA 01035-9589; Telephone (413) 253-8306.

Region 6--Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South 

Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge 

System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 134 Union Blvd., Lakewood, CO 

80228; Telephone (303) 236-8145.

Region 7--Alaska. Regional Chief, National Wildlife Refuge System, U.S. 

Fish and Wildlife Service, 1011 E. Tudor Rd., Anchorage, AK 99503; 

Telephone (907) 786-3545.

Region 8--California and Nevada. Regional Chief, National Wildlife 

Refuge System, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2800 Cottage Way, Room 

W-2606, Sacramento, CA 95825; Telephone (916) 414-6464.

 

Primary Author

 

    Leslie A. Marler, Management Analyst, Division of Conservation 

Planning and Policy, National Wildlife Refuge System is the primary 

author of this rulemaking document.

 

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 32

 

    Fishing, Hunting, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, 

Wildlife, Wildlife refuges.

 

Proposed Regulation Promulgation

 

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, we propose to amend 

title 50, chapter I, subchapter C of the Code of Federal Regulations as 

follows:

 

PART 32--[AMENDED]

 

    1. The authority citation for part 32 continues to read as follows:

 

    Authority:  5 U.S.C. 301; 16 U.S.C. 460k, 664, 668dd-668ee, and 

715i.

 

 

Sec.  32.7  [Amended]

 

    2. Amend Sec.  32.7 ``What refuge units are open to hunting and/or 

sport fishing?'' by:

    a. Revising the entry for ``Mountain Lonleaf National Wildlife 

Refuge'' to read ``Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge'' and 

placing it in alphabetical order in the State of Alabama;

    b. Revising the entry for ``Lake Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge'' 

to read ``Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge'' and placing it in 

alphabetical order in the State of Maine;

    c. Adding an entry for ``Detroit River International Wildlife 

Refuge'' and placing it in alphabetical order in the State of Michigan;

    d. Revising the entry for ``Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge'' to 

read ``Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge'' and placing 

it in alphabetical order in the State of Mississippi;

    e. Revising the entry for ``National Bison National Wildlife 

Refuge'' to read ``National Bison Range'' and placing it in 

alphabetical order in the State of Montana;

    f. Revising the entry for ``Nine-Pipe National Wildlife Refuge'' to 

read ``Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge'' and placing it in 

alphabetical order in the State of Montana;

    g. Adding an entry for ``Rainwater Basin Wetland Management 

District'' and placing it alphabetical order in the State of Nebraska;

    h. Adding the entry for ``Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge'' and 

placing it in alphabetical order in the State of New Hampshire;

    i. Placing the entry for ``Currituck National Wildlife Refuge'' in 

alphabetical order in the State of North Carolina in this section; and

    j. Removing the entry for ``Pocasse National Wildlife Refuge'' in 

the State of South Dakota.

    3. Amend Sec.  32.20 Alabama by revising paragraphs B.6., B.8., and 

B.10., adding paragraph B.11., revising the introductory text of 

paragraph C., and revising paragraph C.1. under Choctaw National 

Wildlife Refuge. These revisions and addition reads as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.20  Alabama.

 

* * * * *

 

Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    6. We prohibit the mooring and storing of boats from \1/2\ hour 

after legal sunset to \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise.

* * * * *

    8. Persons possessing, transporting, or carrying firearms on the 

refuge must comply with all provisions of State and local law. Persons 

may only use (discharge) firearms in accordance with refuge regulations 

(see Sec.  27.42 and specific refuge regulations in part 32). Persons 

may only use approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)) 4 or 

smaller, .22 caliber rimfire or smaller rifles, or legal archery 

equipment.

* * * * *

    10. We allow squirrel, raccoon, rabbit, and opossum to be hunted 

with dogs during designated hunts. We prohibit dogs in the Middle Swamp 

area of the refuge, except during the February small game hunt.

    11. Hunt information and hunt dates are available at refuge 

headquarters and specified in the refuge brochure.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow archery hunting of white-tailed deer 

and feral hog in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. Conditions B1 through B9 and B11 apply.

* * * * *

    4. Amend Sec.  32.22 Arizona by revising paragraph C.1. under 

Cibola National Wildlife Refuge to read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.22  Arizona.

 

* * * * *

 

Cibola National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. For units open to mule deer hunting, refer to current Big Game 

hunt brochure.

* * * * *

    5. Amend Sec.  32.23 Arkansas by:

    a. Revising paragraph C.10. under Bald Knob National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    b. Removing paragraph C.7., redesignating paragraphs C.8. through 

C.12. as paragraphs C.7. through C.11., and revising newly redesignated 

paragraph C.7. under Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge;

 

[[Page 41009]]

 

    c. Revising paragraph C.10. under Cache River National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    d. Adding paragraph C.16. under Felsenthal National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    e. Revising paragraph A.5., removing paragraph A.19., and 

redesignating paragraphs A.20. through A.23. as paragraphs A.19. 

through A.22. under Overflow National Wildlife Refuge;

    f. Removing paragraph C.5., redesignating paragraphs C.6. through 

C.9. as paragraphs C.5. through C.8., and revising newly redesignated 

paragraph C.6. under Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge; and

    g. Revising paragraphs A.22., B.2., and B.3., removing paragraph 

B.8., redesignating paragraphs B.9. through B.11. as paragraphs B.8. 

through B.10., revising newly redesignated paragraphs B.8. and B.9., 

and revising paragraphs C.10. and C.13. under White River National 

Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.23  Arkansas.

 

* * * * *

 

Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    10. We allow only portable deer stands capable of being carried in 

their entirety by a single individual. Hunters may erect stands 7 days 

prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the waterfowl 

sanctuaries prior to November 15, except for stands used by Quota Gun 

Deer Hunt permit holders (signature required), which hunters must 

remove by the last day of the Quota Gun Deer Hunt. Hunters must remove 

all stands on the remainder of the refuge within 7 days of the closure 

of archery season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters must 

permanently affix the owner's name and address to their deer stands on 

the refuge.

* * * * *

 

Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    7. We allow only portable deer stands capable of being carried in 

their entirety by a single individual. Hunters may erect stands 7 days 

prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them within 7 days of 

the closure of archery season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). 

Hunters must permanently affix the owner's name and address to stands 

on the refuge.

* * * * *

 

Cache River National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    10. We allow only portable deer stands capable of being carried in 

their entirety by a single individual.

* * * * *

 

Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    16. We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn 

for a quota permit (OMB 1018-0140). These permits are nontransferable 

and permit fees are nonrefundable. If conditions prevent the hunts from 

taking place, there will be no refunds or permits carried over from 

year to year. Hunt dates and application procedures will be available 

at the refuge office in July for deer and January for turkey.

* * * * *

 

Overflow National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    5. We close areas of the refuge by posting ``Area Closed'' signs 

and identifying them on the refuge hunt brochure map as ``Sanctuary'' 

and closed to all public entry and public use. Exception: We open the 

area identified as ``North Sanctuary'' on the refuge hunt brochure map 

to all authorized public use activities from 2 days prior to the 

opening of deer archery season through October 31.

* * * * *

 

Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    6. We allow only portable deer stands capable of being carried in 

their entirety by a single individual. Hunters may erect stands 7 days 

prior to the refuge deer season and must remove them from the waterfowl 

sanctuaries by December 1. Hunters must remove all stands on the 

remainder of the refuge within 7 days of the closure of archery season 

(see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). Hunters must permanently affix their 

name and address on stands on the refuge.

* * * * *

 

White River National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    22. We allow refuge users to leave boats 16 feet (4.8 m) or less in 

length unattended overnight from March 1 to October 31 as long as the 

owner clearly and prominently displays their complete name and physical 

address.

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We allow hunting of rabbit and squirrel on the North Unit from 

September 1 until January 31.

    3. We allow dogs for hunting of rabbit and squirrel from December 1 

through January 31 on the North Unit.

* * * * *

    8. We allow furbearer (as defined by State law) hunting in 

accordance with season dates posted in the refuge user brochure/permit 

(signed brochure). We allow furbearer hunting only with rimfire weapons 

and shotguns.

    9. We allow the use of dogs for hunting furbearers from legal 

sunset to legal sunrise. Hunters must tether or pen all dogs used for 

furbearer hunting from legal sunrise to legal sunset and any time they 

are not involved in actual hunting.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    10. We close refuge lands on the North Unit to all deer hunting and 

fall turkey hunting when the White River Gauge at St. Charles (station 

no. 53) reaches 23 feet (7 m) as reported by the following Web site: 

http://www.srh.noaa.gov/lzk/html/whitervr.htm. The season will reopen 

when the gauge reading reaches 21 feet (6 m) as reported by the same 

Web site.

* * * * *

    13. We prohibit the use of dogs other than those specified in the 

user permit.

* * * * *

    6. Amend Sec.  32.28 Florida by:

    a. Revising paragraphs D.9., D.10., and D.17. under J.N. ``Ding'' 

Darling National Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Revising paragraphs A.2., B.3., and C.25. under Lower Suwannee 

National Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Revising paragraphs B.1., B.3., and B.4., adding a new paragraph 

B.11., and revising paragraphs C.8., C.9., and D.11. under St. Marks 

National Wildlife Refuge;

    d. Revising paragraph C.9. under St. Vincent National Wildlife 

Refuge; and

    e. Revising paragraph A.13. under Ten Thousand Islands National 

Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.28  Florida.

 

* * * * *

 

[[Page 41010]]

 

J.N. ``Ding'' Darling National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    9. We allow anglers to launch canoes and kayaks anywhere on the 

north side of Wildlife Drive. We prohibit launching motorized vessels 

over 14 feet (4.2 m) in length from Wildlife Drive. We allow launching 

of motorized vessels only 14 feet (4.2 m) or less in length from 

designated site 2.

    10. We allow public access to Wildlife Drive and Indigo Trail, 

except on Fridays, when we close Wildlife Drive to all public access. 

See hours posted at the front gate, on the refuge Web site http://www.fws.gov/dingdarling/, or call 239-472-1100.

* * * * *

    17. We prohibit the use of bows and spears from Wildlife Drive or 

any structure affixed to shore.

* * * * *

 

Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We designate open and closed refuge hunting areas on the map in 

the refuge hunt brochure. The hunter must possess and carry this 

brochure while hunting on the refuge. The refuge can designate 

temporary closed hunting areas at the management's discretion for 

refuge management activities (e.g., prescribed burns, forestry, habitat 

restoration, wildlife management).

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    3. You may use only .17, .22, and .22 magnum caliber rimfire rifle 

firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter), bows, or shotguns with shot 

no larger than 4 birdshot when hunting. The refuge retains the 

discretion to allow the use of a crossbow during refuge hunts.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    25. We retain the discretion to allow the use of crossbows during 

all or portions of refuge hunts. We may allow, on a case-by-case basis, 

individuals with a State-issued disabled-persons crossbow permit use of 

crossbows. Those individuals will hunt according to State regulations.

* * * * *

 

St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. We require refuge permits (signed brochure) for hunting upland 

game. Permits are available at no cost from the refuge office. Each 

hunter must possess and carry a signed refuge permit while 

participating in a hunt.

* * * * *

    3. You may use .22 caliber or smaller rim-fire rifles, shotguns 

with nontoxic shot (4 bird shot or smaller) (see Sec.  

32.2(k)), or muzzleloaders to harvest squirrel, rabbit, and raccoon. In 

addition, you may use shotgun slugs, buckshot, archery equipment, or 

pistols to take feral hogs. We prohibit the use of other weapons.

    4. We allow the use of leashed dogs for trailing injured or 

harvested game. We prohibit unleashed dogs.

* * * * *

    11. We limit vehicle access to permitted hunters during the hunt.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    8. The bag limit for white-tailed deer is two deer per scheduled 

hunt period. We allow hunters to harvest two antlerless deer per 

scheduled hunt period. We define antlerless deer per State regulations 

(i.e., deer with no antlers or antlers less than 5 inches (12.5 cm)). 

Otherwise, hunters may harvest one antlerless deer and one antlered 

deer per hunt. Hunters must ensure that antlered deer must have at 

least 3 points, of 1 inch (2.5 cm) or more length.

    9. There is one youth hunt, for youth ages 12 to 17, on the St. 

Marks Unit in an area we will specify in the refuge hunt brochure. 

Hunters may harvest one deer of either sex or feral hog (no limit). An 

adult age 21 or older possessing a refuge permit (State permit) must 

accompany each youth hunter, and each adult may accompany only one 

youth. Only the youth hunter may handle or discharge firearms. Contact 

the refuge office for specific dates.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    11. We prohibit commercially registered boats, air-thrust boats, 

commercial guides, and personal watercraft to launch at the saltwater 

boat ramp on the St. Marks Unit.

* * * * *

 

St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    9. We limit weapons to primitive weapons (bow and arrow and 

muzzleloader) on the sambar deer hunt and the primitive weapons white-

tailed deer hunt. We limit the archery hunt to bow and arrow. Weapons 

must meet all State regulations. We prohibit crossbows during the 

white-tailed deer archery hunt except with a State disabled permit.

* * * * *

 

Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    13. We allow youth hunt days in accordance with State regulations. 

We also will designate a special youth hunt day during the second phase 

of the regular State waterfowl season that we will specify in the 

annual hunt brochure. Hunters under age 16 may hunt only with a 

nonhunting adult age 18 or older. Youth hunters must remain within 

sight and sound of the nonhunting adult.

* * * * *

    7. Amend Sec.  32.29 Georgia by:

    a. Removing paragraph C.17. and redesignating paragraphs C.18. 

through C.20. as paragraphs C.17. through C.19. under Blackbeard Island 

National Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Adding paragraphs A. and B., and revising paragraph C. under 

Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Removing paragraph C.18. and redesignating paragraphs C.19. and 

C.20. as paragraphs C.18. and C.19. under Harris Neck National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    d. Removing paragraph A.4. and redesignating paragraph A.5. as 

A.4., revising the introductory text of paragraph B., revising 

paragraph B.3., removing paragraphs B.5. and B.6., redesignating 

paragraphs B.7. and B.8. as B.5. and B.6, revising newly redesignated 

paragraphs B.5. and B.6., removing paragraph C.2., redesignating 

paragraph C.3. as paragraph C.2., revising newly redesignated paragraph 

C.2., removing paragraph C.4., redesignating paragraph C.5. as 

paragraph C.3., revising newly redesignated paragraph C.3., 

redesignating paragraphs C.6. and C.7. as paragraphs C.4. and C.5., 

removing paragraph C.8, redesignating paragraph C.9. as paragraph C.6., 

revising newly redesignated paragraph C.6., redesignating paragraph 

C.10. as paragraph C.7. and revising newly redesignated paragraph C.7., 

and redesignating paragraphs C.11. and C.12. as paragraphs C.8. and 

C.9. under Savannah National Wildlife Refuge; and

    e. Removing paragraph C.19. and redesignating paragraphs C.20. and

 

[[Page 41011]]

 

C.21. as paragraphs C.19. and C.20. under Wassaw National Wildlife 

Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.29  Georgia.

 

* * * * *

 

Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl, 

mourning dove, snipe, and woodcock on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. We coordinate hunting seasons and limits with the State and 

annually list them in the hunting brochure.

    2. We require you to possess and carry a signed refuge hunt 

brochure while hunting. The hunt brochure will serve as the hunt 

permit. You may obtain this permit from the refuge Web site, kiosks at 

designated parking lots, or the refuge office.

    3. At the manager's discretion we may zone or restrict some of the 

areas of the refuge to season of use, while we may close other areas to 

all public use.

    4. Persons possessing, transporting, or carrying firearms on 

national wildlife refuges must comply with all provisions of State and 

local law. Persons may only use (discharge) firearms in accordance with 

refuge regulations (50 CFR 27.42 and specific refuge regulations in 

part 32).

    5. We allow the incidental take of feral hog with legal weapons 

during open season.

    6. We allow only nontoxic shot with the use of a shotgun in 

designated areas at the manager's discretion (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    7. We require hunters to report all harvested game at the check 

station before leaving the refuge (see hunting brochure).

    8. We allow access to the hunt area from 1 hour before legal 

sunrise until 1 hour after legal sunset.

    9. We allow the use of hunting dogs during migratory bird hunts.

    10. We allow motorized boats in designated areas at the manager's 

discretion.

    11. We prohibit flagging, blazing, painting, or any other trail-

marking devices.

    12. We prohibit hunting within 50 yards (45 m) of a road open to 

vehicle travel or within 200 yards (180 m) of a building.

    13. We prohibit entry into the designated hunt area by nonhunters 

during the hunts.

    14. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on the refuge (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    15. We prohibit target practice or any nonhunting discharge of 

firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter).

    16. We prohibit walking or trespassing on the railroad tracks to 

access the refuge.

    17. We prohibit removal of live hogs from the refuge.

    18. We prohibit the use of organized drives for taking or 

attempting to take game.

    19. Youth hunters age 15 and under must remain within sight and 

normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older possessing a valid 

hunting license. One adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter.

    20. We prohibit taking, collecting, or disturbing any artifact, 

property, plant, wildlife, or part thereof, other than that 

specifically allowed by refuge regulation (see Sec. Sec.  27.61 and 

27.62 of this chapter).

    21. We prohibit littering (see Sec.  27.94 of this chapter).

    22. We prohibit disturbing, annoying, or interfering with other 

persons.

    23. We prohibit open fires (see Sec.  27.95(a) of this chapter).

    24. We prohibit ATVs on the refuge except by disabled hunters with 

a refuge Special Use Permit (General Special Use Application and Permit 

FWS Form 3-1383-G).

    25. We prohibit off-road vehicle travel.

    26. We prohibit vehicle travel around a closed gate.

    27. We prohibit blocking refuge roads, boat ramp, or gate with 

vehicles, boats, or trailers.

    28. We prohibit leaving vehicles, boats, or trailers on the refuge 

overnight (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    29. We prohibit overnight camping and/or parking.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, and 

quail on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State 

regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions A1 through A8 and A10 through A29 apply.

    2. We allow the use of hunting dogs during small game hunts.

    3. We require each small game hunter to wear at least 500 square 

inches (3,250 cm\2\) of hunter orange as an outer garment above the 

waist during small hunts.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting for white-tailed deer, feral 

hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with 

State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions A1 through A8 and A10 through A29 apply.

    2. We may implement designated feral hunts at the manager's 

discretion.

    3. We prohibit the use of buckshot.

    4. We prohibit the use of dogs during deer and feral hog hunts.

    5. We require each deer and feral hog hunter to wear at least 500 

square inches (3,250 cm\2\) of hunter orange as an outer garment above 

the waist during hunts.

* * * * *

 

Savannah National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel on designated 

areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

* * * * *

    3. We prohibit hunting on or within 100 yards (90 m) of U.S. 

Highway 17, GA Highway 25/SC Highway 170, refuge facilities, road and 

trails, railroad rights of way, and within areas marked as closed.

* * * * *

    5. During the period when the squirrel hunt coincides with the 

refuge gun hunt for deer and hogs, we require hunters to possess a big 

game license (State) and to wear an outer garment containing a minimum 

of 500 square inches (3,250 cm\2\) of hunter-orange material above the 

waistline.

    6. Condition A4 applies.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We allow only bows, in accordance with State regulations, for 

deer and hog hunting during the refuge archery hunt.

    3. We allow only shotguns (20 gauge or larger; slugs only), center-

fire rifles (.22 caliber or larger), muzzleloaders, and bows, in 

accordance with State regulations, for deer and hog hunting during the 

gun hunts.

* * * * *

    6. Conditions A4 and B3 apply.

    7. Turkey hunters may harvest only three gobblers (male turkey).

* * * * *

    8. Amend Sec.  32.30 Hawaii by revising paragraph C. under Hakalau 

Forest National Wildlife Refuge to read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.30  Hawaii.

 

* * * * *

 

Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. [Reserved]

* * * * *

    9. Amend Sec.  32.31 Idaho by revising the entry for Deer Flat 

National Wildlife Refuge to read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.32  Idaho.

 

* * * * *

 

[[Page 41012]]

 

Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, 

coot, common snipe, and dove on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. You may hunt only duck, coot, and dove on the Lake Lowell Unit.

    2. Duck and coot hunting in the East Side Recreation Area is walk-

in only. Duck and coot hunters may use float tubes, nonmotorized boats, 

or boats equipped with only electric motors within 200 yards (180 m) of 

the shoreline in the South Side Recreation Area.

    3. We allow only portable and temporary blinds. We prohibit 

permanent structures.

    4. You must remove boats, decoys, blinds, other personal property, 

and any materials brought onto the refuge for blind construction at the 

end of each day.

    5. We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before official 

shooting hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise), and remain on the 

refuge until 1 hour after official shooting hours (legal sunset).

    6. We allow the use of dogs for hunting. Dogs must be under the 

immediate control of the handler at all times and not allowed to roam 

at large.

    7. From February 1 through May 31, we prohibit hunting on the Snake 

River Islands Unit.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on 

designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

    1. You may hunt only pheasant, quail, and partridge on the Lake 

Lowell Unit.

    2. We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before official 

shooting hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise), and remain on the 

refuge until 1 hour after official shooting hours (\1/2\ hour after 

legal sunset).

    3. We allow the use of dogs for hunting. Dogs must be under the 

immediate control of the handler at all times and not allowed to roam 

at large.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of deer on designated areas 

of the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. You must obtain a refuge-specific hunting permit (signed 

brochure) to hunt deer on the Lake Lowell Unit. Hunters must sign and 

carry the permit in the field while hunting.

    2. Only the southern portion of the Lake Lowell Unit is open to 

deer hunting. We define the deer hunting area on the north by the 

southern shoreline of Lake Lowell, on the east by the New York Canal, 

on the south by the southern boundary of the refuge, and on the west by 

Riverside Road.

    3. Hunters may place up to two portable deer stands (including 

elevated platforms) in the Lake Lowell Unit. Hunters must place stands/

platforms by hand, without the use of a vehicle. Hunters may place 

stands/platforms on the refuge no earlier than the beginning date of 

the assigned hunt permit and must remove them no later than the ending 

date of the hunt permit. Each stand must bear the hunter's name, 

address, and telephone number so that it is legible from the ground.

    4. In the Lake Lowell Unit you may only shoot deer while hunting 

from an elevated tree stand/platform. We prohibit ground stalking and/

or still hunting from the ground. We prohibit shooting a firearm or bow 

while on the ground, except to kill a downed deer.

    5. While hunting from a tree stand, you must use a Fall-Arrest 

System (FAS)/Full Body Harness meeting Treestand Manufacturer's 

Association (TMA) Standards.

    6. Hunters may only access the Lake Lowell Unit deer hunting area 

from Parking Areas 1-8.

    7. Hunters may enter the Lake Lowell Unit no earlier than 2 hours 

before official shooting hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise) and 

must leave the area within 2 hours after official shooting hours (\1/2\ 

hour after legal sunset). Successful hunters may extend their departure 

time up to 5 hours past official shooting hours (\1/2\ hour after legal 

sunset) to retrieve dead deer.

    8. A refuge employee or State Game Warden must accompany hunters to 

retrieve a wounded or dead deer from any Closed Area.

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. During the waterfowl hunting season, we allow fishing only 

within 200 yards (180 m) of the shoreline in front of both the Lower 

Dam (Fishing Area A) and the Upper Dam (Fishing Area B) on the Lake 

Lowell Unit.

    2. From October 1 through April 14, we allow nonmotorized boats 

from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset 

only within 200 yards (180 m) of the shoreline in front of both the 

Lower Dam (Fishing Area A) and the Upper Dam (Fishing Area B) on the 

Lake Lowell Unit.

    3. From April 15 through September 30, we allow motorized and 

nonmotorized boats from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour 

after legal sunset throughout the Lake Lowell Unit.

    4. From February 1 through May 31, we prohibit fishing from the 

islands within the Snake River Islands Unit.

* * * * *

    10. Amend Sec.  32.32 Illinois by:

    a. Revising paragraph D. under Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Adding paragraph A.4., revising paragraph B., revising 

paragraphs C.1. and C.2., adding paragraph C.3., and revising paragraph 

D. under Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge; and

    c. Revising paragraphs D.1. and D.2. under Meredosia National 

Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.32  Illinois.

 

* * * * *

 

Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge from legal sunrise to legal sunset in accordance with State 

regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. We allow fishing on Lake Chautauqua from February 1 through 

October 15. We prohibit fishing in the Waterfowl Hunting Area during 

the waterfowl hunting season.

    2. We allow bank fishing year-round between the boat ramp and the 

fishing trail in the North Pool and from Goofy Ridge Public Access to 

the west gate of the north pool water control structure.

    3. Motorboats must not exceed ``no-wake'' speeds.

    4. We prohibit the public entering Weis Lake on the Cameron-

Billsbach Unit of the refuge from October 16 through January 31.

    5. We prohibit leaving boats on refuge waters overnight (see Sec.  

27.93 of this chapter).

* * * * *

 

Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    4. We allow access for hunting from 1 hour before legal shooting 

time (consult the State regulations for the species in question) until 

1 hour after legal sunset.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow upland game hunting on designated 

areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following condition: Condition A4 applies.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Condition A4 applies.

    2. We prohibit the construction or use of permanent blinds, 

platforms, or ladders (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

 

[[Page 41013]]

 

    3. You must remove all portable hunting stands and blinds from the 

area at the end of each day's hunt (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of 

this chapter).

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing throughout the year on 

designated areas of the refuge. We allow fishing from legal sunrise to 

legal sunset in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. We prohibit fishing in the Waterfowl Hunting area during the 

waterfowl hunting season.

    2. We prohibit leaving boats on refuge waters overnight (see Sec.  

27.93 of this chapter).

    3. Condition A3 applies.

* * * * *

 

Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

    1. We allow sport fishing on all areas open to public access from 

legal sunrise to legal sunset from February 1 to October 15.

    2. We allow access to Meredosia Lake from the boat ramp and allow 

foot access on refuge land along the east side of the Meredosia Lake in 

Morgan county from legal sunrise to legal sunset throughout the year.

* * * * *

    11. Amend Sec.  32.33 Indiana by:

    a. Revising paragraphs B., C.1., C.3., D.1., and D.4. under Big 

Oaks National Wildlife Refuge; and

    b. Revising paragraphs B.1., B.4., C., and D. under Muscatatuck 

National Wildlife Refuge.

    These revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.33  Indiana.

 

* * * * *

 

Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel in accordance 

with State regulations subject to the following conditions.

    1. We require a refuge hunt permit (signature only).

    2. We allow the use of hunting dogs only during the squirrel 

hunting season. You must ensure that all hunting dogs wear a collar 

displaying the owner's name, address, and telephone number.

    3. You must hunt only in assigned areas. We prohibit trespass into 

an unassigned hunt area.

    4. In areas posted ``Area closed,'' we prohibit entry, including 

hunting.

    5. We prohibit the use of flagging tape and reflective tacks.

    6. We allow the use of squirrel hunting dogs only in the day-use 

areas.

    7. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the field 

(see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    8. We require that all hunters check all harvested game taken on 

the refuge at the refuge check station.

    9. We require all refuge hunters to hunt with a partner. We require 

hunting partners to know the location of their partner while hunting. 

An adult, age 18 or older, must directly supervise youth hunters age 17 

or under.

    10. We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on the refuge (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    11. Hunters must possess and carry a compass while hunting on the 

refuge.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions B1, B3, B4, B5, and B7 through B11 apply.

* * * * *

    3. We allow the use of portable hunting stands and blinds. You may 

leave hunting stands and blinds in the field overnight only if you will 

be hunting that same location the following day. We prohibit tree steps 

or screw-in steps (see Sec.  32.2(i)).

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

    1. We require a refuge access permit (signature only).

* * * * *

    4. We allow boats only if rowed, paddled, or powered by an electric 

trolling motor on the Old Timbers Lake.

* * * * *

 

Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. We prohibit hunting and the discharge of a firearm within 100 

yards (30 m) of any dwelling or any other building that people, pets, 

or livestock may occupy.

* * * * *

    4. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the field 

(see Sec.  32.2(k)).

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and 

turkey on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State 

regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions B1, B5, and B7 apply.

    2. You must possess and carry a State-issued refuge hunting permit 

to hunt deer during the State muzzleloader season and the youth hunting 

weekend.

    3. We prohibit firearms deer hunting during the State firearms 

season except in compliance with condition C2.

    4. You may take only one deer per day from the refuge.

    5. We prohibit the construction or use of permanent blinds, 

platforms, or ladders (see Sec.  27.92 of this chapter).

    6. We allow only spring turkey hunting on the refuge, and hunters 

must possess a State-issued hunting permit during the first 2 weeks of 

the season.

    7. We require successful deer and turkey hunters to report their 

harvest on the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359) at a box at 

the entrance gate before leaving the refuge.

    8. Our late archery season deer hunt is open from the end of the 

State muzzleloader season to the conclusion of the State late archery 

season.

    9. We allow archery deer hunting in November except during youth 

hunting weekend.

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. We allow the use of boats (hand- or foot-propelled only) on 

Stanfield Lake. We prohibit the use of electric or gasoline motors.

    2. We allow the use of kayaks and nonmotorized canoes on Richart 

Lake.

    3. We allow the use of belly boats or float tubes in all designated 

fishing areas.

    4. We allow fishing only with rod and reel or pole and line.

    5. We prohibit harvest of frog and turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this 

chapter).

    6. We prohibit the use of lead fishing tackle.

* * * * *

    12. Amend Sec.  32.35 Kansas by:

    a. Revising paragraph A. and B.1., adding paragraphs B.2. through 

B.4., revising paragraph C.5., and adding paragraph C.6. under Flint 

Hills National Wildlife Refuge; and

    b. Revising paragraph A.4. and adding paragraph D.8. under Quivira 

National Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.35  Kansas.

 

* * * * *

 

Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, 

coot, dove, rail, woodcock, crow, and common snipe on designated areas 

of the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. We allow waterfowl hunting only on portions of the refuge on the 

south side of the Neosho River.

    2. We prohibit hunting on the Neosho River and using boats on the 

river to gain hunting access.

    3. We prohibit shooting from or over roads and parking areas.

    4. You must remove boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal 

property, and any materials brought onto the area for blind 

construction at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of 

this chapter).

 

[[Page 41014]]

 

    5. You may leave temporary blinds (other than portable blinds) 

constructed of natural vegetation found on site overnight. We prohibit 

bringing any type of live or dead vegetation onto the refuge for any 

purpose at any time. Construction of these temporary blinds does not 

constitute exclusive use of the blind.

    6. Dogs must be under the owner's immediate control at all times.

    7. We prohibit hunters or dogs retrieving game in areas closed to 

hunting.

    8. We prohibit leaving decoys unattended at any time.

    9. We allow crow hunting on designated areas of the refuge subject 

to the following conditions:

    i. We prohibit the use of centerfire rifles and pistols for hunting 

on the range.

    ii. We close hunting areas on the north side of the Neosho River to 

all hunting from November 1 through March 1.

    iii. Conditions A2, A3, and A7 apply.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A2, A3, A6, and A7 apply.

    2. Hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  

32.2(k)).

    3. We prohibit the use of centerfire rifles and pistols for hunting 

on the refuge.

    4. We close hunting areas on the north side of the Neosho River to 

all hunting from November 1 through March 1.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    5. We allow portable tree stands and/or portable ground blinds; 

however, you must remove them along with any other personal property at 

the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

    6. Conditions A2, A3, A7, B3, and B4 apply.

* * * * *

 

Quivira National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    4. The refuge is open from 1\1/2\ hours before legal sunrise to 

1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset. We prohibit hunters entering refuge 

hunting areas to set up decoys and other devices until 1 hour prior to 

legal shooting time (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise). Hunters must 

remove all decoys within 1 hour following the end of legal shooting 

time (legal sunset).

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    8. The refuge is open 1\1/2\ hours before legal sunrise to 1\1/2\ 

hours after legal sunset.

    13. Amend Sec.  32.37 Louisiana by:

    a. Revising paragraphs A.3., A.5., and A.13., adding paragraph 

A.20., and revising paragraph D.2. under Bayou Sauvage National 

Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Revising paragraph A.6. and A.17., adding paragraph A.18., and 

revising paragraphs B.4., C.8., and D.1. under Big Branch Marsh 

National Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Adding paragraph D.9. under Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    d. Revising paragraphs A.9., A.13., B.4., C.1., and C.5., 

redesignating paragraphs C.6. through C.10. as paragraphs C.8. through 

C.12., and adding new paragraphs C.6. and C.7. under Bogue Chitto 

National Wildlife Refuge;

    e. Revising paragraphs A.7. and D.10. under Lacassine National 

Wildlife Refuge;

    f. Revising paragraphs A.16., D.8.i., D.8.ii., D.8.iv., and 

D.8.vi., removing paragraph D.8.ix., and redesignating paragraph D.8.x. 

as paragraph D.8.ix. under Sabine National Wildlife Refuge; and

    g. Revising the entry for Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.37  Louisiana.

 

* * * * *

 

Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    3. We allow waterfowl (duck, goose, and coot) hunting until 12 p.m. 

(noon) on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays, including 

early teal season, youth waterfowl hunt season, or other such special 

seasons that may be promulgated by law or statute. We will close the 

refuge to waterfowl and coot hunting during any segment of goose season 

that extends beyond the regular duck season.

* * * * *

    5. We allow hunting only on those portions of the refuge that lie 

outside of the confines of the hurricane protection levee, unless we 

post areas closed to hunting or designated areas closed on the refuge 

hunt permit (signed brochure).

* * * * *

    13. We prohibit air-thrust boats, aircraft, mud boats, and air-

cooled propulsion engines on the refuge, except hunters may use air-

cooled propulsion engines to traverse the refuge through the 

Intracoastal Waterway and the Irish Bayou Straight Canal.

* * * * *

    20. We close all portions of the refuge outside of the Hurricane 

Protection Levee to public entry other than waterfowl hunting until 12 

p.m. from November 1 through January 31 and during the State teal 

season.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We allow sport fishing and shell fishing year-round on 

designated areas of the refuge and only after 12 p.m. on portions of 

the refuge outside of the Hurricane Protection Levee from November 1 

through January 31 and during the State teal season. We close the 

remainder of the refuge from November 1 through January 31.

* * * * *

 

Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    6. We prohibit air-thrust boats, aircraft, mud boats, and air-

cooled propulsion engines on the refuge.

* * * * *

    17. We prohibit the use of any type of material used as flagging or 

trail markers except reflective tacks.

    18. We designate refuge areas closed to public hunting on the 

refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) or posted with no hunting signs.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    4. Conditions A5 through A10 and A12 through A18 apply.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    8. Conditions A5 through A10 and A12 through A18 apply.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

    1. You may fish only from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until \1/

2\ hour after legal sunset, except we allow night fishing from the bank 

and pier on Lake Road.

* * * * *

 

Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    9. We prohibit crossing the water hyacinth booms in a boat or 

traveling over idle speed within the booms.

 

Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    9. We allow primitive camping within 100 feet (30 m) of designated 

streams.

 

[[Page 41015]]

 

These include either bank of the Bogue Chitto River, Wilson Slough, and 

West Pearl River south of Wilson Slough, refuge lands along the East 

Pearl River, and Holmes Bayou. Campers must mark their campsite with 

their name, address, and phone number placed in a conspicuous location 

in the center of camp.

* * * * *

    13. We prohibit the use of any type of material used as flagging or 

trail markers, except reflective tacks.

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    4. All hunters in Louisiana (including archery hunters and small 

game hunters), except waterfowl hunters, must wear and display not less 

than 400 square inches (2,600 cm \2\) of unbroken hunter-orange as the 

outermost layer of clothing on the chest and back and a hunter-orange 

cap during deer gun seasons. We require all deer hunters to display a 

minimum of 400 square inches of hunter-orange or a hunter-orange cap or 

hat while walking to and from elevated stands. All hunters in 

Mississippi must wear not less than 500 square inches of hunter-orange 

in place of the 400 square inches requirement described above. All 

hunters, including archers (while on the ground), except waterfowl 

hunters, must wear a hunter-orange cap during the dog season for 

squirrels and rabbits.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A5 through A7, A9 through A11, A13 through A17, B2, 

and B4 apply.

* * * * *

    5. We list specific dates for the primitive weapons big game hunts 

in the refuge hunt brochure.

    6. Legal primitive firearms used for hunting the primitive firearms 

season in Louisiana include:

    i. Rifles or pistols, 44 caliber minimum, or shotguns 10 gauge or 

smaller, all of which must load exclusively from the muzzle or cap and 

ball cylinder; use of black powder or approved substitute only; use of 

ball or bullet projectile only, including saboted bullets, including 

primitive firearms known as ``inline'' primitive firearms; and

    ii. Single shot, breech-loading rifles, .38 caliber or larger of a 

kind or type manufactured prior to 1900; and replicas, reproductions, 

or reintroductions of that type of rifle having an exposed hammer that 

use metallic cartridges loaded with black power or modern smokeless 

powder. Hunters may fit all of the above with magnified scopes.

    7. Legal primitive firearms/weapons used for hunting the primitive 

firearms season in Mississippi are crossbows and primitive firearms, 

which include:

    i.a. Single or double-barreled-muzzle-loading rifles of at least 

.38 caliber; single shot, breech-loading-metallic-cartridge rifles (.35 

caliber or larger) and replicas, reproductions, or reintroductions of 

those type rifles with an exposed hammer; and

    b. Single or double-barreled-muzzle-loading shotguns, with single 

ball or slug.

    ii. All muzzle-loading primitive firearms must use black powder or 

a black powder substitute with either percussion caps or 209 

shotgun primers or flintlock ignition. Hunters may load metallic 

cartridges with black powder or modern smokeless powder. Hunters may 

fit all of the above with magnified scopes.

* * * * *

 

Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    7. We prohibit all boat motors, excluding trolling motors, within 

refuge marshes. We prohibit air-thrust boats and ATVs on the refuge 

(see Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter), unless otherwise permitted.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    10. We prohibit boat and bank fishing in Lacassine Pool Unit D and 

refuge waters from October 16 through March 14.

* * * * *

 

Sabine National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    16. An adult at least age 21 must supervise youth hunters under age 

16 during all hunts. One adult may supervise two youths during 

migratory game bird hunts. Youth must remain within normal voice 

contact of the adult who is supervising them. Parents or adult 

guardians are responsible for ensuring that hunters under age 16 do not 

engage in conduct that would constitute a violation of refuge 

regulations.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    8. * * *

    i. We allow recreational cast netting from boats only from legal 

sunrise to legal sunset during the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.

    ii. Anglers must immediately return all incidental take (bycatch) 

to the water before continuing to cast.

* * * * *

    iv. The daily bait shrimp limit is one gallon (3.8 L) per day, per 

boat, outside the Louisiana inshore shrimp season.

* * * * *

    vi. We prohibit all cast netting activities from the banks, 

wharves, and water control structures.

* * * * *

 

Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of waterfowl 

(duck, goose, coot, gallinule, rail, snipe), woodcock, and dove on 

designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

    1. Hunters must possess and carry a signed refuge permit 

(brochure).

    2. We allow dove hunting during the first 3 days of the State 

season.

    3. We allow waterfowl hunting until 12 p.m. (noon) during the State 

season.

    4. Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m.

    5. We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 m) of the maintained 

rights of ways of roads, from or across ATV trails, and from above-

ground oil, gas, or electrical transmission facilities.

    6. We prohibit leaving boats, blinds, and decoys unattended.

    7. We allow only recognized dog breeds to locate, point, and 

retrieve when hunting for migratory game birds.

    8. Youth hunters under age 16 must remain within sight and normal 

voice contact of an adult age 21 or older. Each adult may supervise no 

more than two youth hunters.

    9. We prohibit any person or group to act as a hunting guide, 

outfitter, or in any other capacity that pay other individual(s), pays 

or promises to pay directly or indirectly for service rendered to any 

other person or persons hunting on the refuge, regardless of whether 

such payment is for guiding, outfitting, lodging, or club membership.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, 

rabbit, raccoon, beaver, coyote, and opossum on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. Conditions A1 and A9 (to hunt upland game) apply.

    2. We prohibit firearm ammunition used for hunting small game 

larger than a .22 caliber rim-fire, shotgun slugs, and buckshot.

 

[[Page 41016]]

 

    3. We allow hunting of raccoon and opossum during the daylight 

hours (legal sunrise to legal sunset) of rabbit and squirrel season. We 

allow night hunting (legal sunset to legal sunrise) during December and 

January, and we allow use of dogs for night hunting. We prohibit the 

selling of raccoon and opossum taken on the refuge for human 

consumption.

    4. We allow the use of dogs to hunt squirrel and rabbit after the 

last refuge gun deer hunt.

    5. To use horses and mules to hunt raccoon and opossum at night, 

hunters must first obtain a General Special Use Application and Permit 

(FWS Form 3-1383-G) at the refuge office.

    6. Hunters may enter the refuge no earlier than 4 a.m. and must 

exit no later than 2 hours after legal shooting hours.

    7. We allow hunting of beaver and coyote during all open refuge 

hunts with weapons legal for the ongoing hunt.

    8. Youth hunters under age 18 must remain within sight and normal 

voice contact of an adult age 21 or older. Each adult may supervise no 

more than two youth hunters.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral 

hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with 

State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions A1, A9, B6, and B8 (to hunt big game) apply.

    2. We allow deer gun hunts subject to State regulations. Specific 

open dates will appear in the Annual Public Use Regulations Brochure.

    3. The daily bag limit is one either-sex deer. The State season 

limit applies.

    4. We prohibit leaving deer stands, blinds, and other equipment 

unattended.

    5. Deer hunters must wear hunter orange as per State deer hunting 

regulations on Wildlife Management Areas.

    6. We prohibit hunters placing stands or hunting from stands on 

pine trees with white-painted bands and/or rings.

    7. We will hold a limited lottery youth turkey hunt on the Saturday 

of the State youth turkey hunt weekend.

    8. We prohibit possession or distribution of bait or hunting with 

the aid of bait, including any grain, salt, minerals, or other feed or 

nonnaturally occurring attractant on the refuge (see Sec.  32.2(h)).

    9. We allow hunting of hog during all open refuge hunts with 

weapons legal for the ongoing hunt.

    10. We prohibit the use of dogs for hog hunting.

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. We allow sport fishing year-round except within closed areas of 

the refuge, as designated by the Annual Public Use Regulations 

Brochure.

    2. We prohibit outboard motors in the Wigeon Ponds.

    3. We prohibit launching boats from a trailer or from a 

nondesignated boat ramp within the Mollicy levee.

    4. We prohibit leaving boats and other personal property on the 

refuge unattended (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    5. You must tend trotlines daily. You must attach ends of trotlines 

by a length of cotton line that extends into the water.

    6. We prohibit commercial fishing. Recreational fishing using 

commercial gear (slat traps, etc.) requires a special refuge permit 

(General Special Use Application and Permit, FWS Form 3-1383-G) that 

you must possess and carry and that is available at the refuge office.

    7. We prohibit the taking of turtle (see Sec.  27.21 of this 

chapter).

    15. Amend Sec.  32.38 Maine by:

    a. Revising the listing of ``Lake Umbagog National Wildlife 

Refuge'' to read ``Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge'' and placing the 

newly titled entry in alphabetical order within the section;

    b. Revising paragraph A.12., redesignating paragraphs C.6. through 

C.14. as paragraphs C.7. through C.15., adding a new paragraph C.6., 

and revising newly redesignated paragraph C.8. under Moosehorn National 

Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Revising paragraph A., and the introductory text of paragraph 

B., adding paragraph B.5., revising paragraphs C.1. and C.2., 

redesignating paragraphs C.3. and C.4. as paragraphs C.4. and C.5., and 

adding a new paragraph C.3. under Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge;

    d. Revising paragraph A., revising the introductory text of 

paragraph B., revising paragraph B.3., adding paragraph B.4., revising 

the introductory text of paragraph C., revising paragraphs C.1. and 

C.2., and adding paragraph C.4. under Sunkhaze Meadows National 

Wildlife Refuge; and

    e. Revising paragraphs A.1., A.3., A.4., and A.5., revising the 

introductory text of paragraph B., revising paragraphs B.3., B.5., and 

B.6., adding paragraph B.7., and revising paragraphs C.1., C.2., and 

C.4., under the newly titled Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.38  Maine.

 

* * * * *

 

Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    12. You must follow the State hunter-orange clothing requirements.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    6. The hunter must retrieve all species, including coyotes, 

harvested on the refuge.

* * * * *

    8. All tree stands, blinds, and ladders must be portable.

* * * * *

 

Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, 

woodcock, rail, gallinule, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge 

(Gouldsboro Bay and Sawyers Marsh Divisions) in accordance with State 

regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. We allow waterfowl hunting on the following islands: Little 

Libby, Eastern Brothers, Halifax, Schoppee, Inner Sand, Jordans 

Delight, Petit Manan, Sally, Abbott, Egg Rock, South Twinnie, John's, 

Little Marshall, Ship, Trumpet, East and West Barge, Matinicus Rock, 

Two Bush, Hart, Little Thrumcap, Outer White, Outer Heron, Upper Flag, 

and Ram.

    2. We prohibit erection of permanent waterfowl blinds.

    3. You must remove all temporary blinds, concealment materials, 

boats, and decoys (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) each day.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on 

designated areas of the refuge (Gouldsboro Bay and Sawyers Marsh 

Division) in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

* * * * *

    5. The hunter must retrieve all species, including coyotes, 

harvested on the refuge.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. We allow white-tailed deer hunting on designated areas of the 

Petit Manan Point, Sawyers Marsh, and Gouldsboro Bay Division and Bois 

Bubert Island. Petit Manan Point is open only during the State-

prescribed muzzleloader season.

    2. We allow black bear hunting only on designated areas of the 

Sawyers Marsh and Gouldsboro Bay Divisions during the firearm season 

for white-tailed deer.

    3. We prohibit the use of dogs.

* * * * *

 

[[Page 41017]]

 

Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of migratory game 

birds on all areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of upland game on all 

areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

* * * * *

    3. We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before legal 

shooting hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise in the State of Maine), 

and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal shooting hours (\1/

2\ hour after legal sunset in the State of Maine), except for hunters 

pursuing raccoons and coyotes at night.

    4. The hunter must retrieve all species, including coyotes, 

harvested on the refuge.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of black bear, bobcat, moose, 

and white-tailed deer on all areas of the refuge in accordance with 

State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. We require hunter-orange clothing in accordance with State of 

Maine regulations.

    2. We allow hunters to enter the refuge 1 hour before legal 

shooting hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise in the State of Maine), 

and they must exit the refuge by 1 hour past legal shooting hours (\1/

2\ hour after legal sunset in the State of Maine).

* * * * *

    4. You must remove all tree stands by the last day of the white-

tailed deer hunting season (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

* * * * *

 

Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. Hunters must comply with State regulations regarding hunter-

orange clothing or material.

* * * * *

    3. Pursuant to State regulations, you may use dogs to assist in 

hunting and retrieval of harvested birds.

    4. We prohibit dog training on the refuge.

    5. We open the refuge to hunting during the hours stipulated under 

the State's hunting regulations. Hunters will unload all hunting 

firearms outside of legal hunting hours.

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of coyote (see C. Big Game 

Hunting), fox, raccoon, woodchuck, squirrel, porcupine, skunk, snowshoe 

hare, ring-necked pheasant, and ruffed grouse in accordance with State 

regulations, seasons, and bag limits, subject to the following 

conditions:

* * * * *

    3. We open the refuge to hunting during the hours stipulated under 

State hunting regulations. Hunters must unload all hunting firearms 

(see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter) and nock no arrows outside of legal 

hunting hours (\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise and \1/2\ hour after 

legal sunset in the State of Maine).

* * * * *

    5. Each hunter must wear hunter-orange clothing or material as 

specified by State hunting regulations.

    6. We allow hunting of showshoe hare, ring-necked pheasant, and 

ruffed grouse with dogs during State hunting seasons in accordance with 

State regulations.

    7. We prohibit dog training on the refuge.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Condition B3 applies, and we prohibit night hunting.

    2. We allow bear and coyote hunting with dogs during State hunting 

seasons. We prohibit dog training on the refuge.

* * * * *

    4. Each hunter must wear hunter-orange clothing or material in 

accordance with State regulations.

* * * * *

    16. Amend Sec.  32.39 Maryland by revising paragraphs A.9.i., 

A.9.ii., A.10.i., A.12., B.2., C.6., C.11., C.12., D.1., and D.4. 

through D.6., removing paragraphs D.9. and D.10., redesignating 

paragraphs D.11. through D.18. as paragraphs D.9. through D.16., and 

revising newly redesignated paragraphs D.15.i., D.15.iii., and D.16.i. 

under Patuxent Research Refuge to read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.39  Maryland.

 

* * * * *

 

Patuxent Research Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    9. * * *

    i. You must be more than 50 yards (135 m) beyond the gate at Blue 

Heron Pond before hunting.

    ii. You must be more than 50 yards (135 m) from the road beyond the 

barricade at Wood Duck Pond before hunting.

* * * * *

    10. * * *

    i. You must wear a solid-colored-fluorescent hunter orange that 

must be visible 360[deg] while carrying-in and carrying-out equipment 

(e.g., portable blinds).

* * * * *

    12. We prohibit hunting of goose, duck, and dove during the youth 

deer firearms hunts, deer firearms seasons, and the early deer 

muzzleloader season. The only exceptions are that Blue Heron Pond, Lake 

Allen, and Area Z will remain open for duck hunters and the Junior 

Waterfowl hunt day during the early muzzleloader season.

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. Hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the 

field (see Sec.  32.2(k)), except for the use of .22-caliber rimfire 

rifles during the month of January only to hunt squirrel.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    6. We require bow hunters to wear either a cap of solid-

fluorescent-orange color at all times or a vest or jacket containing 

back and front panels of at least 250 square inches (1,625 cm\2\) of 

solid-fluorescent-orange color when moving to and from their vehicle to 

their deer stand or their hunting spot and while tracking or dragging 

out their deer. We do not require bow hunters to wear solid-colored-

fluorescent hunter orange when positioned to hunt except during the 

North Tract Youth Firearms Deer Hunts, the muzzleloader seasons, and 

the firearms seasons, when they must wear it at all times.

* * * * *

    11. We prohibit the use of dogs to hunt or track wounded deer.

    12. If you wish to track wounded deer beyond 2 hours after legal 

sunset, you must gain consent from a refuge law enforcement officer. We 

prohibit tracking 3 hours after legal sunset. You must make a 

reasonable effort to retrieve the wounded deer. This may include next-

day tracking except Sundays and Federal holidays.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

    1. We require all anglers, age 16 and older, to present their 

current Maryland State nontidal fishing license and complete the 

Fishing/Shrimping/Crabbing Application (FWS Form 3-2358). Anglers age 

18 and older will receive a free Patuxent Research Refuge Fishing 

Vehicle Parking Pass. Organized groups must complete the Fishing/

Shrimping/Crabbing Application (FWS Form 3-2358), and the group leader 

must stay with the group at all times while fishing.

* * * * *

 

[[Page 41018]]

 

    4. Anglers must display a copy of the Fishing Vehicle Parking Pass 

in the vehicle windshield while fishing at Cash Lake.

    5. We require anglers, ages 16 and 17, to have a parent or guardian 

cosign the Fishing/Shrimping/Crabbing Application (FWS Form 3-2358). We 

will not issue a Fishing Vehicle Parking Pass to anglers ages 16 and 

17.

    6. An adult age 21 or older possessing a Fishing Vehicle Parking 

Pass must accompany anglers age 17 or younger in the field; they must 

maintain visual contact with each other within a 50-yard (45 m) 

distance; and they may take 3 youths, age 15 or younger, to fish under 

their Fishing Vehicle Parking Pass.

* * * * *

    15. * * *

    i. Conditions D1 through D14 apply.

* * * * *

    iii. Anglers age 18 and older must complete an Emergency Contact 

Information/warning/waiver form (PRR Fishing Form 1) prior to 

receiving a free North Tract Vehicle Access Pass. Anglers must display 

the North Tract Vehicle Access Pass in the vehicle windshield at all 

times and return the Pass to the North Tract Visitor Contact Station at 

the end of each visit.

* * * * *

    16. * * *

    i. Conditions D1 through D13 apply.

* * * * *

    17. Amend Sec.  32.40 Massachusetts by removing paragraph A.2., 

revising paragraphs C.1. and C.2., redesignating paragraphs C.4. 

through C.11. as paragraphs C.5. through C.12, adding new paragraph 

C.4., revising newly redesignated paragraphs C.8., C.9., and C.11., and 

revising paragraph D. under Parker River National Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.40  Massachusetts.

 

* * * * *

 

Parker River National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. All hunters, regardless of age, must possess and carry a refuge 

permit (Quota Deer Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2354). This is a quota 

hunt, and we will randomly select a limited number of hunters from 

those that apply. You may apply by mail from September 1 until October 

1.

    2. If selected from the random drawing, you must attend a refuge-

specific hunter orientation session prior to the hunt. We will charge a 

fee of participating hunters.

* * * * *

    4. We prohibit discharge of a firearm on or across the refuge road. 

You must unload hunting weapons when walking upon the refuge road.

* * * * *

    8. We prohibit loaded hunting firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this 

chapter) on or within 150 feet (45 m) of the refuge road.

    9. You must bring all deer to the refuge deer check station located 

at our Headquarters on the Plum Island Turnpike in Newburyport, 

Massachusetts.

* * * * *

    11. We prohibit vehicular travel (emergency excepted) on refuge 

roads from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 8:30 a.m. Refuge and 

Sandy Point State Reservation hunters may enter or reenter the refuge 

until 2:30 p.m. during the refuge deer hunt.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow saltwater fishing on designated areas of 

the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. We allow saltwater fishing on the ocean beach and the 

surrounding waters of the Broad Sound with the following conditions:

    i. We prohibit fishing during closures.

    ii. Anglers are subject to State licensing requirements and catch 

limits.

    iii. We allow persons using refuge fishing areas access from legal 

sunrise to legal sunset without a refuge permit. They are, however, 

subject to entrance fee requirements.

    iv. Nelson Island is open to fishing from legal sunrise to legal 

sunset, except during waterfowl seasons, or other closures. We limit 

access to the trail, and fishing within 100 feet (30 m) on either side 

of the trail at the shoreline of Broad Sound.

    v. The south-facing shoreline of Stage Island is open to fishing 

when accessed from the shore from Sandy Point State Reservation. We 

allow access from the Sandy Point State Reservation, along the 

shoreline below mean high tide, to a point 250 feet (73 m) beyond the 

terminus, or most western point, of the Stage Island peninsula known as 

Ipswich Bluff.

    2. We require a Fishing Application (Fishing/Shrimping/Crabbing 

Application, FWS Form 3-2358) and application fee, as well as an 

entrance fee for night fishing and for the use of over-the-sand, surf-

fishing vehicles (ORVs) with the following conditions:

    i. We prohibit fishing in closed areas.

    ii. Anglers must enter the refuge through the entrance gate and 

arrive prior to legal sunset.

    iii. We generally allow fishing after legal sunset with a permit 

(vehicle sticker issued by the refuge office) sometime in mid-July 

until October 31 of the same year. Those persons are subject to 

additional listed environmental and/or emergency conditions.

    iv. We will issue persons wishing access to the refuge beach with 

ORVs a separate Fishing/Shrimping/Crabbing Application (FWS Form 3-

2358), generally valid between September 1 and October 31 of the same 

year. Those persons are subject to additional listed permit conditions. 

We may restrict ORV use due to beach, weather, tide, and other 

conditions.

    18. Amend Sec.  32.41 Michigan by adding an entry in alphabetical 

order for Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge to read as 

follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.41  Michigan.

 

* * * * *

 

Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, 

rail, gallinule, coot, woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. We prohibit cutting of woody vegetation (see Sec.  27.51 of this 

chapter) on the refuge for blinds.

    2. All blinds must be portable; and you must remove all of your 

blinds, boats, and decoys (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) from the 

refuge each day.

    3. We prohibit the construction or use of permanent blinds, stands, 

platforms, or scaffolds (see Sec.  27.92 of this chapter).

    4. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)) 

while in the field.

    5. We allow refuge access from 1\1/2\ hours prior to legal sunrise 

until 1 hour after legal sunset.

    6. We prohibit the use of paint, flagging, reflectors, tacks, or 

other human-made materials to mark trails or hunting locations (see 

Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    7. We allow the use of hunting dogs, provided the dog is under the 

immediate control of the hunter at all times.

    8. You must park all vehicles in designated parking areas.

    9. We prohibit camping.

    10. We allow hunting of waterfowl only on the Plum Creek Bay Unit 

of the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    i. Conditions A1 through A7 and A9 apply.

    ii. Access to this unit is by boat only.

    11. We allow hunting of waterfowl only on the Brancheau Unit of the

 

[[Page 41019]]

 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    i. You must obtain permits for this unit by entering the Michigan 

Department of Natural Resources daily drawing at the Point Mouilee 

State Game Area.

    ii. You must possess a valid permit for the date you are hunting in 

the Brancheau Unit.

    iii. Conditions A1, A2, A4, and A6 through A9 apply.

    iv. You must remain with 75 feet (22.5 m) of your assigned blind or 

numbered post. We allow an exception for unarmed (hunting weapons) 

retrieval of waterfowl.

    v. We prohibit boats. You may access all blinds or areas by 

walking.

    vi. You may possess a maximum of 18 shells per hunter containing 

only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    vii. We prohibit shot size larger than BBB.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, squirrel, 

rabbit, fox, raccoon, and coyote on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions A1, A3, and A5 through A9 apply.

    2. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)) 

while in the field with the following exception: while hunting fox, 

coyote, and raccoon in units where we allow it, hunters may use single-

projectile shot such as bullets, slugs, or muzzleloader bullets 

containing lead. We prohibit the use of buckshot for any hunting on the 

refuge.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of deer and turkey on 

designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions A1 through A3, A5, A6, A8, and A9 apply.

    2. We prohibit the distribution of bait or hunting with the aid of 

bait, salt, minerals, or other ingestible attractant (see Sec.  

32.2(h)).

    3. For deer hunting, we allow only single-projectile shot. We 

prohibit the use of buckshot for any hunting on the refuge.

    4. For turkey hunting, you must possess only approved nontoxic shot 

(see Sec.  32.2(k)) while in the field.

    5. We allow only portable tree stands for deer hunting.

    6. We allow only one tree stand per hunter per refuge unit.

    7. We do not require hunters to remove tree stands at the end of 

each day's hunt. However, we strictly enforce State rules on tree 

stands.

    D. Sport Fishing. [Reserved]

    19. Amend Sec.  32.42 Minnesota by:

    a. Revising paragraph A.4. under Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Revising paragraph B.2. and adding paragraph B.3. under Glacial 

Ridge National Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Revising paragraphs A.1., B.2., and B.3., removing paragraphs 

B.4. and B.5., revising the introductory text of paragraph C., removing 

paragraphs C.3 through C.6., revising the introductory text of 

paragraph D., and revising paragraph D.4. under Minnesota Valley 

National Wildlife Refuge;

    d. Revising paragraph B. under Minnesota Valley Wetland Management 

District; and

    e. Revising paragraph C.7. and adding paragraph C.8. under 

Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.42  Minnesota.

 

* * * * *

 

Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    4. We prohibit the construction or use of permanent blinds (see 

Sec.  27.92 of this chapter).

* * * * *

 

Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the field, 

including shot used for hunting wild turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    3. Condition A2 applies.

* * * * *

 

Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. We require refuge authorization for refuge-specific special 

hunts.

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We allow hunters to possess and use small-caliber rimfire 

rifles, .22 caliber and smaller, on designated areas of the refuge.

    3. You may possess only approved nontoxic shotshells while in the 

field, including shotshells used for hunting wild turkey (see Sec.  

32.2(k)).

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on 

designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

* * * * *

    4. We prohibit the taking of any turtle species by any method on 

the refuge (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).

 

Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow upland game hunting throughout the 

District in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. Conditions A4 and A5 apply.

    2. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot for hunting wild 

turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

* * * * *

 

Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    7. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the field, 

including shot used for hunting wild turkey (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    8. Conditions A4 and A7 apply.

* * * * *

    20. Amend Sec.  32.43 Mississippi by:

    a. Revising paragraphs A., D.1., and D.2., removing paragraph D.4., 

redesignating paragraphs D.5. through D.9. as paragraphs D.4. through 

D.8. under Coldwater River National Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Revising paragraphs A.1., A.3., and A.4., removing paragraph 

A.6., redesigating paragraphs A.7. through A.12. as paragraphs A.6. 

through A.11., adding new paragraph A.12., revising the introductory 

text of paragraph B., revising paragraphs B.1., B.3., B.5., C.1., and 

C.8., adding paragraphs C.9. and C.10., revising paragraphs D.1. and 

D.2., removing paragraph D.3., and redesignating paragraphs D.4. 

through D.8. as paragraphs D.3. through D.7. under Dahomey National 

Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Revising paragraphs A.2. and A.3., adding paragraphs A.17. and 

A.18., and revising paragraphs B.1. and C.1. under Hillside National 

Wildlife Refuge;

    d. Revising paragraphs B.2., B.3., and B.14., adding paragraph 

B.16., and revising paragraph C.1. under Holt Collier National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    e. Revising paragraphs A.3. and A.4., adding paragraphs A.16. and 

A.17., and revising paragraphs B.1. and C.1. under

 

[[Page 41020]]

 

Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge;

    f. Revising paragraphs A.2. and A.3., adding paragraphs A.16. and 

A.17., and revising paragraphs B.1., C.1., and D.7. under Morgan Brake 

National Wildlife Refuge;

    g. Revising the entry for ``Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge'' to 

read ``Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge'' and placing 

it in alphabetical order in this section, revising paragraphs A.1., 

A.3., and A.8., adding paragraph A.12., revising the introductory text 

of paragraph B., revising paragraphs B.4., B.7., B.8., and B.11., 

revising the introductory text of paragraph C., revising paragraphs 

C.1. and C.2., removing paragraph C.3., redesignating paragraphs C.4. 

through C.9. as paragraphs C.3. through C.8., revising newly 

redesignated paragraph C.8., and revising paragraphs D.1. and D.9. 

under Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge;

    h. Revising paragraphs A.1. through A.3., A.10., and A.18., adding 

paragraph A.19., and revising paragraphs B.1., C.1., and D.7. under 

Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge;

    i. Revising paragraphs A.1., A.3., and A.5., removing paragraph 

A.7., redesignating paragraphs A.8. through A.13. as paragraphs A.7. 

through A.12., adding new paragraph A.13., revising the introductory 

text of paragraph B., revising paragraphs B.1., B.3., B.5., and C.8., 

adding paragraphs C.9. and C.10., revising paragraphs D.1. and D.2., 

removing paragraph D.4., and redesignating paragraphs D.5. through D.9. 

as paragraphs D.4. through D.8 under Tallahatchie National Wildlife 

Refuge; and

    j. Revising paragraphs A.1. through A.3., adding paragraphs A.16. 

and A.17., and revising paragraphs B.2., B.7., B.8., C.1., and C.12. 

under Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.43  Mississippi.

 

* * * * *

 

Coldwater River National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of migratory 

waterfowl and coot on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with 

State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. All hunters must comply with all State hunter education 

requirements. All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a 

valid signed refuge hunting permit (name and address).

    2. We restrict all public use to the period beginning 2 hours 

before legal sunrise and ending 2 hours after legal sunset. We prohibit 

entering or remaining on the refuge before or after hours.

    3. We allow hunting of migratory game birds, including the Light 

Goose Conservation Order, only on Wednesdays, Fridays, Saturdays, and 

Sundays from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise and ending at 12 p.m. 

(noon). Hunters must remove all decoys, blind materials (see Sec.  

27.93 of this chapter), and harvested waterfowl from the area no later 

than 1 p.m. each day.

    4. Each hunter must obtain a daily Harvest Report Card (OMB 1018-

0140) available at each refuge information station and follow the 

printed instructions on the card. You must display the card in plain 

view on the dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal information 

is readable. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the reverse 

side of the card/form and deposit it at one of the refuge information 

stations. Include all game harvested; if you harvested no game, report 

``0''. Hunters may possess only one Harvest Report Card at a time.

    5. We close certain areas of the refuge for sanctuary or 

administrative purposes. We will mark such areas with ``No Hunting'' or 

``Area Closed'' signs.

    6. Waterfowl hunters may leave boats meeting all State registration 

requirements on the refuge water bodies throughout the waterfowl 

season. You must remove boats (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) within 

72 hours after the season closes.

    7. All hunters, or persons on the refuge for any reason, must wear 

a minimum of 500 square inches (3,250 cm\2\) of visible, unbroken, 

fluorescent-orange-colored material above the waistline. Waterfowl 

hunters must comply with this while walking/boating to and from actual 

hunting area. We do not require fluorescent orange for turkey season, 

for hunting raccoons at night, or for waterfowl hunters while actually 

hunting.

    8. We allow dogs on the refuge only when specifically authorized 

for hunting. We encourage the use of dogs to retrieve dead or wounded 

waterfowl. Dogs must remain under the immediate control of their 

handlers at all times (see Sec.  26.21(b) of this chapter).

    9. You must remove decoys, blinds, other personal property, and 

litter (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter) from the 

hunting area following each morning's hunt. We prohibit cutting or 

removing trees and other vegetation (see Sec.  27.51 of this chapter). 

We prohibit the use of flagging, paint, blazes, tacks, or other types 

of markers.

    10. We prohibit ATVs/UTVs (see Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter), 

horses, and mules on the refuge.

    11. We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on the refuge (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

    1. Condition A11 applies.

    2. All anglers must possess and carry a valid, signed refuge 

fishing permit (name and address) certifying that they understand and 

will comply with all regulations.

* * * * *

 

Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. All hunters must comply with all State hunter education 

requirements. All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a 

valid, signed refuge hunting permit (name and address).

* * * * *

    3. We allow hunting of migratory game birds, including Light Goose 

Conservation Order, only on Wednesdays, Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays 

from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon). Hunters must 

remove all decoys, blind material (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter), 

and harvested waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. each day.

    4. Each hunter must obtain a Harvest Report Card (OMB 1018-0140) 

available at each refuge information station and follow the printed 

instructions on the card. Hunters must place the card in plain view on 

the dashboard of their vehicle so the personal information is readable. 

Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete the reverse side of the 

card and deposit it at one of the hunter information stations. Include 

all game harvested, and if there is none, report ``0''. We prohibit 

hunters possessing more than one Harvest Report Card at a time.

* * * * *

    12. We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on the refuge (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, 

rabbit, and raccoon (raccoon by General Special Use Application and 

Permit [FWS Form 3-1383-G] only) on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions A1, A4, A5, A7, A8, A11, and A12 apply.

* * * * *

 

[[Page 41021]]

 

    3. You may possess shotguns with approved nontoxic shotgun shot 

(see Sec.  32.2(k)), .17, .22, .22-magnum rifles, and legal archery 

equipment.

* * * * *

    5. We allow use of dogs, but they must remain under the immediate 

control of their handlers at all times (see Sec.  26.21(b) of this 

chapter).

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1, A4, A5, A8, A11, and A12 apply.

* * * * *

    8. You may erect portable deer stands (see Sec.  32.2(i)) 2 weeks 

prior to the opening of archery season on the refuge, and you must 

remove them by January 31 (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We 

prohibit hunters leaving their stands in the tree at the end of each 

hunting day. If they wish to leave the stands on the refuge, they may 

be chained to the base of the tree and labeled with the hunter's name 

and phone number legibly written on or attached to the stand. This does 

not reserve the site for their exclusive use. All hunting sites are on 

a first-come, first-served basis. We may confiscate and dispose of deer 

stands not in compliance with these regulations.

    9. Hunters using a climbing tree stand must use a fall-arrest 

system manufactured to Treestand Manufacturers Association standards.

    10. We prohibit cutting or removing trees and other vegetation (see 

Sec.  27.51 of this chapter). We prohibit the use of flagging, paint, 

blazes, tacks, or other types of markers. We prohibit nailing deer 

stands and/or steps to trees and attaching any blind or stand to a tree 

by any metal object driven, screwed, or otherwise inserted into the 

tree (see Sec.  32.2(i)).

    9. D. Sport Fishing. * * *

    1. Condition A12 applies.

    2. All anglers must possess and carry a valid, signed refuge 

fishing permit (name and address) certifying that they understand and 

will comply with all regulations.

* * * * *

 

Hillside National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display their 

User Information/Harvest Report Card (OMB 1018-0140) in plain view on 

the dashboard of their vehicle so that the card number is readable.

    3. Failure to display the User Information/Harvest Report Card will 

result in the loss of the participant's annual refuge public use permit 

(name, address, and phone number).

* * * * *

    17. For instances of lost or stolen public use permits, management 

may issue duplicates at their discretion, and we may charge a fee.

    18. We allow retriever dogs while hunting migratory birds.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A10 and A17 apply.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A10, A17, B5, and B8 apply.

* * * * *

 

Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display their 

User Information/Harvest Report Card (OMB 1018-0140) in plain view on 

the dashboard of their vehicle so that the card number is readable.

    3. Failure to display the User Information/Harvest Report Card (OMB 

1018-0140) will result in the loss of the participant's annual refuge 

public use permit (name, address, and phone number).

* * * * *

    14. We prohibit ATVs, horses, and mules.

* * * * *

    16. For instances of lost or stolen public use permits, management 

may issue duplicates at their discretion, and we may charge a fee.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions B1 through B7, B9, and B13 through B16 apply.

* * * * *

 

Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    3. All participants must display the User Information/Harvest 

Report Card (OMB 1018-0140) in plain view on the dashboard of their 

vehicle so that the card number is readable.

    4. Failure to display the User Information/Harvest Report Card will 

result in the loss of the participant's annual refuge public use permit 

(name, address, and phone number).

* * * * *

    16. For instances of lost or stolen public use permits, management 

may issue duplicates at their discretion, and the hunter may incur a 

fee.

    17. We allow retriever dogs while hunting migratory birds.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A2 through A9, A15, and A16 apply.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A9, A15, A16, and B5 through B7 apply.

* * * * *

 

Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. Before hunting and fishing, all participants must display their 

User Information/Harvest Report Card (OMB 1018-0140) in plain view on 

the dashboard of their vehicle so that the card number is readable.

    3. Failure to display the User Information/Harvest Report Card will 

result in the loss of the participant's annual refuge public use permit 

(name, address, and phone number).

* * * * *

    16. For instances of lost or stolen public use permits, management 

may issue duplicates at their discretion, and the hunter may incur a 

fee.

    17. We allow retriever dogs while hunting migratory birds.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A11 and A16 apply.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A7, A9, A10, A16, and B5 through B7 apply.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    7. Conditions A2 through A10 and A16 apply.

* * * * *

 

Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. Youth hunters age 15 and younger must possess and carry a hunter 

safety course card or certificate. Each youth hunter must remain within 

sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older. Each hunter 

age 16 and older must possess and carry a valid, signed refuge public 

use permit (name, address, and phone number) certifying that he or she 

understands and will comply with all regulations. One adult may 

supervise no more than one youth hunter.

    2. Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display their 

User Information/Harvest Report Card (OMB 1018-0140) in plain view on 

the

 

[[Page 41022]]

 

dashboard of their vehicle so that the card number is readable.

    3. Failure to display the User Information/Harvest Report Card will 

result in the loss of the participant's annual public use permit.

* * * * *

    10. We allow ATVs/UTVs only on designated trails (see Sec.  27.31 

of this chapter) (see refuge brochure map) from September 15 through 

February 28. Size limitations may apply (see refuge brochure).

* * * * *

    18. For instances of lost or stolen public use permits, management 

may issue duplicates at their discretion, and the hunter may incur a 

fee.

    19. We allow retriever dogs while hunting migratory birds.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A10 and A18 apply.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A7, A9, A10, A18, and B6 through B8 apply.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    7. Conditions A1 through A7, A10, and A18 apply.

 

Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. We require a $15 fee permit (name and address) for waterfowl 

hunting, and only two companions may accompany each permit holder. 

Permits are nontransferable and only one application per hunter. We do 

not guarantee preferred dates.

* * * * *

    3. Hunts and hunt dates are available at refuge headquarters and 

specified in the refuge brochure. You must possess and carry a signed 

refuge hunt permit (signed brochure) when hunting.

* * * * *

    8. Persons possessing, transporting, or carrying firearms on the 

refuge must comply with all provisions of State and local law. Persons 

may only use (discharge) firearms in accordance with refuge regulations 

(see Sec.  27.42 and specific refuge regulations in part 32).

* * * * *

    12. We allow dogs for retrieval of migratory game birds.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel, rabbit, 

quail, opossum, and raccoon on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

* * * * *

    4. We allow hunting of squirrel, raccoon, rabbit, quail, and 

opossum with dogs during designated hunts.

* * * * *

    7. Conditions A3, A7, A8, and A10 apply.

    8. We prohibit the use of ATVs, horses, and mules.

* * * * *

    11. Valid permit holders (signed brochure) may take incidental 

species (coyote, beaver, nutria, and feral hog) during any hunt with 

those weapons legal during those hunts.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and 

turkey on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State 

regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions A3, A5, A7, A8, A10, B8, B9, and B11 apply.

    2. We require a $15 fee permit (name and address) for all refuge 

deer hunts. Hunters must sign this permit and have it in their 

possession at all times while hunting. Permits are nontransferable and 

only one application per hunter.

* * * * *

    8. We will make special deer hunting blinds available for persons 

limited to the use of a wheelchair by General Special Use Application 

and Permit (FWS Form 3-1383-G). Contact the refuge office for 

information.

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

    1. The sport fishing, boating, and bow fishing season extends from 

March 1 through October 31, except for the Noxubee River and borrow pit 

areas along Highway 25 that are open year-round. Persons must possess 

and carry a signed refuge fishing permit (signed brochure) when 

fishing.

* * * * *

    9. We prohibit fishing tournaments on all refuge waters.

 

Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. All hunters must comply with all State hunter education 

requirements. All hunters age 16 and older must possess and carry a 

valid, signed refuge hunting permit (name and address).

* * * * *

    3. We allow hunting of migratory game birds, including Light Goose 

Conservation Order, only on Wednesdays, Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays 

from [frac12] hour before legal sunrise and ending at 12 p.m. (noon). 

Hunters must remove all decoys, blind material (see Sec.  27.93 of this 

chapter), and harvested waterfowl from the area no later than 1 p.m. 

each day.

* * * * *

    5. Each hunter must obtain a daily User Information/Harvest Report 

Card (OMB-1018-0140) available at each refuge information station and 

follow the printed instructions on the card. You must display the card 

in plain view on the dashboard of your vehicle so that the personal 

information is readable. Prior to leaving the refuge, you must complete 

the reverse side of the card and deposit it at one of the refuge 

information stations. Include all game harvested, and if you harvest no 

game, report ``0.'' We prohibit hunters possessing more than one User 

Information/Harvest Report Card at a time.

* * * * *

    13. We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on the refuge (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, 

rabbit, and raccoon (raccoon by General Special Use Permit [FWS Form 3-

1383-G] only) on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with 

State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions A1, A4 through A6, A8, A9, and A11 through A13 apply.

* * * * *

    3. You may possess shotguns only with approved nontoxic shotgun 

shot (see Sec.  32.2(k)), .17, .22., .22-magnum rifles, and legal 

archery equipment.

* * * * *

    5. Hunters may use dogs, but they must remain under the immediate 

control of their handlers at all times (see Sec.  26.21(b) of this 

chapter).

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    8. You may erect portable deer stands (see Sec.  32.2(i)) 2 weeks 

prior to the opening of archery season on the refuge, and you must 

remove them by January 31 (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We 

prohibit hunters leaving their stands in the tree at the end of each 

hunting day. If they wish to leave the stands on the refuge, they may 

be chained to the base of the tree and labeled with the hunter's name 

and phone number legibly written on or attached to the stand. This does 

not reserve the site for their exclusive use. All hunting sites are on 

a first-come, first-served basis. We may confiscate and dispose of deer 

stands not in compliance with these regulations.

    9. Hunters using a climbing tree stand must use a fall-arrest 

system manufactured to Treestand Manufacturers Association standards.

    10. We prohibit cutting or removing trees and other vegetation (see 

Sec.  27.51 of this chapter). We prohibit the use of

 

[[Page 41023]]

 

flagging, paint, blazes, tacks, or other types of markers. We prohibit 

nailing deer stands and/or steps to trees and attaching any blind or 

stand to a tree by any metal object driven, screwed, or otherwise 

inserted into the tree (see Sec.  32.2(i)).

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

    1. Condition A13 applies.

    2. All anglers must possess and carry a valid, signed refuge 

fishing permit (name and address) certifying that they understand and 

will comply with all regulations.

* * * * *

 

Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. Youth hunters age 15 and under must possess and carry a hunter 

safety course card or certificate. Each youth hunter must remain within 

sight and normal voice contact of an adult age 21 or older. Each hunter 

age 16 and older must possess and carry a valid, signed refuge public 

use permit (name, address, and phone number) certifying that he or she 

understands and will comply with all regulations. One adult may 

supervise no more than one youth hunter.

    2. Before hunting or fishing, all participants must display their 

User Information/Harvest Report Card (OMB 1018-0140) in plain view on 

the dashboard of their vehicle so that the card number is readable.

    3. Failure to display the User Information/Harvest Report Card will 

result in the loss of the participant's annual refuge public use 

permit.

* * * * *

    16. For instances of lost or stolen public use permits, management 

may issue duplicates at their discretion, and hunters may incur a fee.

    17. We allow retriever dogs while hunting migratory birds.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. Conditions A1 through A9 and A16 apply.

* * * * *

    7. We prohibit ATVs, horses, and mules.

    8. We allow rabbit hunting on the Herron and Brown Tracts.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A7, A9, A16, B6, B7, and B9 apply.

* * * * *

    12. We allow archery deer hunting on the Brown Tract.

* * * * *

    21. Amend Sec.  32.44 Missouri by removing paragraph B.3., and 

revising paragraphs C.4. through C.6., and removing paragraph C.7. 

under Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge to read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.44  Missouri.

 

* * * * *

 

Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    4. We restrict deer and turkey hunters on the Boone's Crossing 

Unit, including Johnson Island, to archery methods only.

    5. The Cora Island Unit is open to deer hunting for archery methods 

only. We restrict hunting for other game to shotgun only with shot no 

larger than BB.

    6. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting on the 

refuge (see Sec.  32.2(k)); this includes turkey hunting.

* * * * *

    22. Amend Sec.  32.45 Montana by:

    a. Revising the entry for ``National Bison National Wildlife 

Refuge'' to read ``National Bison Range'' and placing it in 

alphabetical order in this section, and revising paragraph D. under the 

newly titled National Bison Range;

    b. Revising the entry for ``Nine-Pipe National Wildlife Refuge'' to 

read ``Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge'' and placing it in 

alphabetical order in this section, and revising paragraph D. under 

Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Revising the entry for Northwest Montana Wetland Management 

District;

    d. Revising paragraph D. under Pablo National Wildlife Refuge; and

    e. Revising paragraph A.1., adding paragraphs A.4. and A.5., 

revising paragraphs C.2. through C.6., adding paragraphs C.7. through 

C.11., and revising paragraph D. under Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.45  Montana.

 

* * * * *

 

National Bison Range

 

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State laws and regulations and per Joint 

State and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations subject 

to the following conditions:

    1. We allow public access by walk-in only. All anglers must remain 

within 100 feet (30 m) of the creek except they may use the canal road 

to access the creek.

    2. We prohibit the use of lead or lead-based lures or sinkers.

    3. We prohibit leaving or dumping any dead animal, fish or fish 

entrails, garbage, or litter on the refuge (see Sec.  27.94 of this 

chapter).

 

Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State laws and regulations and per joint 

State and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations subject 

to the following conditions:

    1. We prohibit the use of lead or lead-based tackle.

    2. We prohibit the use of boats, float tubes, and other flotation 

devices.

    3. You must remove ice fishing shelters and other personal property 

at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    4. We prohibit leaving or dumping any dead animal, fish or fish 

entrails, garbage, or litter on the refuge (see Sec.  27.94 of this 

chapter).

* * * * *

 

Northwest Montana Wetland Management District

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow migratory game bird 

hunting on Waterfowl Production Areas (WPAs) throughout the wetland 

district in accordance with State law (Flathead County WPAs) and per 

Joint State and Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations 

(Lake Count WPAs) subject to the following conditions:

    1. Hunters must remove all boats, decoys, portable blinds, boat 

blinds, and other personal property at the end of each day (see Sec.  

27.93 of this chapter).

    2. Hunters must construct blinds, other than portable blinds, of 

native materials only. They must label all nonportable blinds with 

their name, Automated License System (ALS) number, address, and phone 

number. Construction and labeling of these blinds does not constitute 

exclusive use of the blind. Hunters must remove these blinds within 7 

days of the close of the migratory game bird hunting season.

    3. We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow upland game hunting on Waterfowl 

Production Areas (WPAs) throughout the wetland district in accordance 

with State law (Flathead County WPAs) and per Joint State and 

Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations (Lake

 

[[Page 41024]]

 

County WPAs) subject to the following conditions:

    1. Hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  

32.2(k)).

    2. We prohibit hunting with a shotgun capable of holding more than 

three shells on all Lake County WPAs.

    3. We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow big game hunting on Lake County 

Waterfowl Production Areas (WPAs) per Joint State and Confederated 

Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations. We allow big game hunting on 

Flathead County WPAs in accordance with State regulations subject to 

the following conditions:

    1. We allow portable tree stands and/or portable ground blinds; 

however, hunters must remove them daily (see Sec.  27.93 of this 

chapter). We prohibit construction and/or use of tree stands or 

portable ground blinds from dimensional lumber. We prohibit the use of 

nails, wire, screws, or bolts to attach a stand to a tree or hunting 

from a tree into which a metal object has been driven (see Sec.  

32.2(i)).

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on all Waterfowl 

Production Areas (WPAs) throughout the wetland district in accordance 

with State law (Flathead County WPAs) and per Joint State and 

confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations (Lake County WPAs) 

subject to the following condition: Anglers must remove all motorboats, 

boat trailers, vehicles, fishing equipment, and other personal property 

from the WPAs at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

 

Pablo National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State laws and per Joint State and 

Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribal regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. We prohibit the use of lead or lead-based lures or sinkers.

    2. We prohibit the use of boats, float tubes, and other flotation 

devices.

    3. You must remove ice fishing shelters and other personal property 

at the end of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    4. We prohibit leaving or dumping any dead animal, fish or fish 

entrails, garbage, or litter on the refuge (see Sec.  27.94 of this 

chapter).

 

Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. We allow only goose, duck, and coot hunting in the area 

surrounding Lower Red Rock Lake. The north boundary is the east-west 

running fence line 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the River Marsh. The west 

boundary is the west boundary of the refuge. The south boundary is the 

South Valley Road and Sparrow Pond Trail. The east boundary is 50 yards 

(45 m) east of Odell Creek northward from Sparrow Pond Trail Bridge to 

Lower Red Rock Lake then continuing due north from the mouth of Odell 

Creek to the north boundary. (Consult the refuge manager prior to 

hunting to learn the specific boundary of the hunting area.)

* * * * *

    4. We prohibit the use of motorized decoys.

    5. We prohibit camping along roadsides. We allow camping only in 

two established campgrounds. We restrict camping to 16 consecutive days 

within any 30-day period. We prohibit horses in the campgrounds. All 

bear attractants including, but not limited to, food, garbage, and 

carcasses, must be acceptably stored at night (unless in immediate use) 

and during the day if unattended.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We restrict moose hunting to the willow fen area south of Elk 

Springs Creek, east of Upper Red Rock Lake and north and west of the 

South Valley Road, at the southeast corner of the refuge. We prohibit 

moose hunting in all other areas of the refuge.

    3. We allow big game hunting (elk, white-tailed deer, mule deer, 

and pronghorn antelope) on the refuge except we prohibit big game 

hunting in the moose hunting area (willow fen area), in Alaska Basin 

(far east end of the refuge), on those areas of the refuge east of Elk 

Lake Road (Culver Pond/Widgeon Pond Area) and east of the willow fen.

    4. We prohibit hunting near the Lakeview town site, near refuge 

headquarters, and on portions of Odell Creek Trail. We close those 

areas for protection of nearby residences. (Consult the refuge manager 

prior to hunting to learn the specific boundary of the closed areas.)

    5. We limit the number of hunters per day during the ``general'' 

big game season for the area north of South Valley Road, south of Red 

Rock River Mash, west of Upper Red Rock Lake to the west refuge 

boundary. We close this area to hunting by other big game hunters 

during the general big game season. We select the hunters per day by 

annual lottery. (Consult the refuge manager to participate in the 

lottery.)

    6. You may hire outfitters or ranchers for the retrieval of big 

game only. We prohibit outfitted or guided hunting on the refuge.

    7. We prohibit retrieval of game from closed areas of the refuge 

without consent of a refuge employee.

    8. We prohibit use of wheeled game carts or other mechanical 

transportation devices for game retrieval on portions of the refuge 

designated as Wilderness Area.

    9. We prohibit horses north of South Valley Road except for the 

retrieval of big game. We only allow horses for back-country access to 

the Centennial Mountains south of South Valley Road. We require the use 

of certified weed-free hay or pellets in refuge parking lots and on 

refuge roads or trails.

    10. We prohibit shooting and/or hunting until the hunter is more 

than 50 yards (45 m) from the center line of South Valley Road. We 

prohibit shooting from any refuge or county roadway.

    11. Condition A5 applies.

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State fishing regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. We allow fishing on all refuge streams in accordance with State 

River and Stream regulations, unless closure is necessary to protect 

nesting trumpeter swans or Arctic grayling restoration efforts.

    2. We allow fishing on Widgeon Pond and Culver Pond. These are open 

under State River and Stream regulations to fishing from the bank, 

except for necessary closures to protect nesting trumpeter swans or 

Arctic grayling restoration efforts.

    3. We prohibit fishing on all other refuge waters.

    4. We prohibit all means of fishing except the use of pole and line 

or rod and reel while fishing on the refuge.

    5. We prohibit the use of felt-soled wading boots on all refuge 

waters.

    6. We prohibit bait fishing and allow only artificial lures or 

flies when fishing refuge waters.

    7. We prohibit the use or possession of lead sinkers or any lead 

fishing product while fishing.

    8. We prohibit tubes and other flotation devices while fishing on 

Widgeon and Culver Ponds.

    9. Condition A5 applies.

* * * * *

    23. Amend Sec.  32.46 Nebraska by adding an entry for Rainwater 

Basin Wetland Management District and

 

[[Page 41025]]

 

placing it in alphabetical order to read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.46  Nebraska.

 

* * * * *

 

Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow migratory game bird 

hunting on Waterfowl Production Areas (WPA) throughout the District, 

excluding McMurtrey Waterfowl Production Area in Clay County, in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. We prohibit the use of motorboats. We allow only nonpowered 

motorboats and those powered by electric motors (see Sec.  27.32 of 

this chapter).

    2. You must remove boats, decoys, portable blinds, other personal 

property, and any materials brought onto the area for blind 

construction at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94(a) 

of this chapter).

    3. You may leave temporary blinds, other than portable blinds, 

constructed of natural vegetation found on site overnight. We prohibit 

bringing any type of live or dead vegetation onto the WPAs for any 

purpose at any time (see Sec.  27.52 of this chapter). Construction of 

these temporary blinds does not constitute exclusive use of the blind 

(see Sec.  27.92 of this chapter).

    4. We prohibit exercising, running, training, or hunting with dogs 

from May 1 to July 31; and dogs must be on a leash during this time 

period. At all other times during the hunting season, dogs must be 

under the owner's immediate control (see Sec.  26.21(b) of this 

chapter).

    5. We prohibit camping and/or open fires (see Sec.  27.95(a) of 

this chapter).

    6. We restrict the use of all motorized vehicles, including ATVs 

and/or snowmobiles, to designated parking lots only (see Sec.  27.31 of 

this chapter).

    7. We prohibit the use of all firearms for target practice (see 

Sec.  27.41 of this chapter).

    8. We prohibit the use of horses for any purpose (see Sec.  

26.21(b) of this chapter).

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow upland game hunting on Waterfowl 

Production Areas throughout the District, excluding McMurtrey WPA in 

Clay County, in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. Hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot (see Sec.  

32.2(k)).

    2. We prohibit the shooting or harvesting of black-tailed prairie 

dogs.

    3. Conditions A4 through A8 apply.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow big game hunting on Waterfowl 

Production Areas throughout the District, excluding McMurtrey WPA in 

Clay County, in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. We allow portable tree stands and/or portable ground blinds; 

however, you must remove them along with any other personal property at 

the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94(a) of this 

chapter).

    2. Conditions A3 through A8 apply.

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on Waterfowl Production 

Areas throughout the District, excluding McMurtrey WPA in Clay County, 

in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions;

    1. You must remove all boats, boat trailers, vehicles, fishing 

equipment, and other personal property from the WPAs at the end of each 

day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94(a) of this chapter).

    2. Conditions A1 and A5 apply.

* * * * *

    24. Amend Sec.  32.48 New Hampshire by:

    a. Revising paragraph A.2., removing paragraph A.4., revising 

paragraphs C.3., C.10., and C.11., and removing paragraphs C.12. 

through C.17. under Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge; and

    b. Revising the entry for ``Lake Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge'' 

to read ``Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge,'' placing the newly titled 

entry in alphabetical order within the section, and revising paragraphs 

A.1., A.3., A.4., B.3., B.5., B.6., C.1., C.2., and C.4. under Umbagog 

National Wildlife Refuge.

    These revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.48  New Hampshire.

 

* * * * *

 

Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We allow hunting within the refuge boundary upon navigable 

waters from within a boat. We prohibit access to land areas, mud flats, 

rocks, or marsh grass above mean high tide within the

    refuge. We prohibit hunters retrieving birds inland of the boundary 

signs.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    3. We require a fee for a Quota Deer Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-

2354) which you must possess and carry. We draw, by lottery, 20 hunters 

for each day for a total of 40 hunters. We also draw 20 alternate 

hunters.

* * * * *

    10. Refuge hunting regulations, as listed in the Hunter Information 

Package and map, will be in effect, and hunters must be in compliance 

with State law.

    11. The refuge is located in Newington, New Hampshire, along the 

eastern shoreline of Great Bay. McIntyre Road borders the refuge to the 

east. The southern boundary begins approximately \1/4\ mile (.4 km) 

north of the intersection of Fabyan Point Road and McIntyre Road and 

continues west to the shoreline of Great Bay. The northern boundary 

begins approximately 150 feet (45 m) south of the intersection of 

McIntyre Road and Little Bay Road and continues west to the shoreline 

of Great Bay. The western boundary is the shoreline of Great Bay.

* * * * *

 

Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. You must wear hunter-orange clothing or material in accordance 

with State of Maine regulations for the season and/or species you are 

hunting.

* * * * *

    3. You may use dogs to assist in hunting and retrieval of harvested 

birds. We prohibit dog training on the refuge.

    4. We open the refuge to hunting during the hours stipulated under 

the State's hunting regulations. We close the refuge to night hunting. 

Hunters must unload all hunting firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this 

chapter) outside of legal hunting hours.

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    3. We open the refuge to hunting during the hours stipulated under 

the State's hunting regulations. We close the refuge to night hunting. 

Hunters must unload all hunting firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this 

chapter) and nock no arrows outside of legal hunting hours.

* * * * *

    5. Condition A1 applies.

    6. We allow hunting of snowshoe hare, ring-necked pheasant, and 

ruffed grouse with dogs during State hunting seasons. We prohibit dog 

training on the refuge.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. We open the refuge to hunting during the hours stipulated under 

the State's hunting regulations. We prohibit night hunting. Hunters 

must unload all hunting firearms (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter) and 

nock no arrows outside of legal hunting hours.

    2. We allow bear and coyote hunting with dogs during State hunting 

seasons. We prohibit dog training on the refuge.

* * * * *

    4. Each hunter must wear hunter-orange clothing or material in 

accordance with State of Maine

 

[[Page 41026]]

 

regulations for the season and/or species you are hunting.

* * * * *

    25. Amend Sec.  32.49 New Jersey by revising paragraph C.2., 

removing paragraph C.3., redesignating paragraphs C.4. through C.6. as 

paragraphs C.3. through C.5., and revising newly redesignated paragraph 

C.5. under Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge.

    These revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.49  New Jersey.

 

* * * * *

 

Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. In addition to the State permit, we require a Deer Hunting 

Permit (Big/Upland Game Hunt Application, FWS Form 3-2356) along with a 

fee, issued by the refuge. We must stamp this permit for validation.

* * * * *

    5. Refuge hunting regulations, as listed in the ``Great Swamp 

National Wildlife Refuge Public Deer Hunt Map,'' will be in effect.

* * * * *

    26. Amend Sec.  32.50 New Mexico by revising the entry for Bitter 

Lake National Wildlife Refuge to read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.50  New Mexico.

 

* * * * *

 

Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, 

coot, mourning dove, and sandhill crane on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations and any special posting or 

publications subject to the following conditions:

    1. On the North Tract (including Salt Creek Wilderness Area and the 

portion of the refuge located north of U.S. Highway 70), all hunting 

must be in accordance with State seasons and regulations.

    2. On the Middle Tract (the portion of the refuge located between 

U.S. Highway 70 and U.S. Highway 380), we restrict hunting to goose, 

duck, sandhill crane, and American coot (no dove):

    i. In the designated public hunting area;

    ii. In the southern portion of the Tract that never approaches 

closer than 100 yards (90 m) to the public auto tour route;

    iii. In the southern portion of the Tract only, we limit hunting to 

Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays during the period when the State 

seasons for that area are open simultaneously for most of these 

species; and

    iv. All hunting must cease at 1 p.m. (local time) on each hunt day.

    3. On the South Tract (the portion of the refuge located south of 

U.S. Highway 380), we allow hunting only during Special Hunts (hunters 

with disabilities and/or youth hunters age 17 and younger).

    4. You may use only approved nontoxic shot while hunting (see Sec.  

32.2(k)).

    5. We prohibit pit or permanent blinds and require removal of all 

waterfowl decoys and all temporary blinds/stands (see Sec.  27.93 of 

this chapter).

    6. We allow unleashed hunting and/or retrieving dogs on the refuge 

when hunters are legally present in areas where we allow hunters, only 

if the dogs are under the immediate control of hunters at all times 

(see Sec.  26.21(b) of this chapter), and only to pursue species 

legally in season at that time.

    7. We prohibit hunters and their dogs from entering closed areas 

for retrieval of game.

    8. We do not require refuge or other special hunt permits other 

than those required by the State (e.g., sandhill crane permits).

    9. Visit the refuge office or Web site, and/or refer to additional 

on-site brochures, leaflets, or postings for additional information.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, 

cottontail, and jack rabbit on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations and any special postings or 

publications subject to the following conditions:

    1. On the North Tract (including Salt Creek Wilderness Area and the 

portion of the refuge located north of U.S. Highway 70), all hunting 

must be in accordance with State seasons and regulations with the 

specification that we allow rabbit hunting only during the season that 

is concurrently open for quail hunting within the State.

    2. On the Middle Tract (the portion of the refuge located between 

U.S. Highway 70 and U.S. Highway 380), we allow only pheasant hunting:

    i. In the designated public hunting area in the southern portion of 

the Tract;

    ii. No closer than 100 yards (90 m) to the public auto tour route; 

and

    iii. We limit hunting to Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays during 

the appropriate State season for that area.

    3. On the South Tract (the portion of the refuge located south of 

U.S. Highway 380), we allow public hunting only during Special Hunts 

(hunters with disabilities and/or youth hunters age 17 and younger) as 

per State seasons and regulations.

    4. Conditions A4 and A6 through A9 apply.

    5. We prohibit the use of archery equipment at any time on the 

refuge except when hunting deer and hogs (see C. Big Game Hunting).

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of mule deer, white-tailed 

deer, and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge in accordance 

with State regulations and any special postings or publications subject 

to the following conditions:

    1. We restrict all hunting to the North Tract (including Salt Creek 

Wilderness Area and the portion of the refuge located north of U.S. 

Highway 70) in accordance with State seasons and regulations, with the 

specification that you may hunt and take feral hog (no bag limit) only 

while legally hunting deer and only with the weapon legal for deer on 

that day in that area.

    2. Conditions A4 and A7 through A9 apply.

    3. We allow use of only portable blinds or stands and require daily 

removal of all blinds and stands (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    D. Sport Fishing. [Reserved]

* * * * *

    27. Amend Sec.  32.52 North Carolina by:

    a. Removing paragraph A.5. and revising paragraph C.2. under 

Currituck National Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Redesignating paragraphs C.2. through C.5. as paragraphs C.3. 

through C.6., and adding new paragraph C.2. under Mackay Island 

National Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Adding paragraphs A.5. and A.6., and revising paragraphs B.1., 

C.1., and C.7. under Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge; and

    d. Revising the introductory text of paragraph A., revising 

paragraphs A.1., A.2., A.4., and A.6., revising the introductory text 

of paragraph B., and revising paragraphs B.4., B.5., C.2., C.3., C.5., 

C.7., C.9., D.2., and D.3. under Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.52  North Carolina.

 

* * * * *

 

Currituck National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. Each hunter must pay an annual $15 hunt permit (signed brochure) 

fee.

* * * * *

 

[[Page 41027]]

 

Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. Each hunter must pay an annual $15 hunt permit (signed brochure) 

fee.

* * * * *

 

Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    5. We prohibit hunting on Sundays.

    6. We prohibit the use of trail cameras. We define a trail camera 

as any unattended, self-powered photographic device that records 

photographic images.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A6 apply (with the following exception to 

condition A2: Each adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter).

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A6 apply (with the following exception to 

condition A2: Each adult may supervise no more than one youth hunter).

* * * * *

    7. We prohibit placing a tree stand on the refuge more than 4 days 

prior to the opening day of the deer hunt in which hunters will be 

participating, except for participants of the youth deer hunt, who may 

place tree stands no more than 7 days prior to the hunt day. Archery 

hunters must remove the tree stands (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) 

by the last day of that hunt. Muzzleloader and firearms hunters must 

remove tree stands by the day after the last day of that hunt.

* * * * *

 

Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, 

swan, dove, woodcock, rail, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge 

in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. We prohibit hunting on the Davenport and Deaver tracts (which 

include the area surrounding the Headquarters/Visitor Center and 

Scuppernong River Interpretive Boardwalk), the Pungo Shop area, New 

Lake, refuge lands between Lake Phelps and Shore Drive, that portion of 

the Pinner Tract east of SR 1105, the portion of Western Road between 

the intersection with Seagoing Road and the gate to the south, and the 

unnamed road at the southern boundary of the refuge land located west 

of Pettigrew State Park's Cypress Point Access Area. We prohibit all 

public entry on Pungo Lake year-round. During November, December, 

January, and February, we prohibit all public entry on New Lake, Duck 

Pen Road (except that portion that forms the Duck Pen Wildlife Trail 

and Pungo Lake Observation point when the trail and observation point 

are open), and the Pungo Lake, Riders Creek, and Dunbar Road waterfowl 

banding sites.

    2. We require consent from refuge personnel to enter and retrieve 

legally taken game animals from closed areas including ``No Hunting 

Zones.'' We prohibit hunting firearms in all closed areas and No 

Hunting Zones.

* * * * *

    4. We open the refuge for daylight use only (\1/2\ hour before 

legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset), except that we allow 

hunters to enter and remain in open hunting areas from 2 hours before 

legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset except on the Pungo Unit 

(see condition C6).

* * * * *

    6. Persons may only use (discharge) firearms in accordance with 

refuge regulations (50 CFR 27.42 and specific regulations in part 32). 

We prohibit hunting, taking, and attempting to take any wildlife from a 

vehicle while the passenger area is occupied or when the engine is 

running, except that:

    i. We allow hunting from ATVs and other similarly classed vehicles 

(where we authorize them) as long as they are stationary and the engine 

is turned off; and

    ii. We allow hunting from boats (where we authorize them) when the 

motor is off and all forward momentum from a motor has ceased.

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of quail, squirrel, 

raccoon, opossum, rabbit, beaver, nutria, and fox on designated areas 

of the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

* * * * *

    4. We prohibit the hunting of raccoon and opossum during, 5 days 

before, and 5 days after the State bear seasons. Outside of these 

periods, we allow the hunting of raccoon and opossum at night but only 

while possessing a General Special Use Application and Permit (FWS Form 

3-1383-G).

    5. We allow those weapons authorized by the North Carolina Wildlife 

Resources Commission for taking upland game species except that we 

prohibit the use of rifles, other than .22-caliber rimfire rifles for 

hunting, and we prohibit the use of pistols for hunting.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. You may hunt spring turkey only if you possess and carry a valid 

permit (General Special Use Application and Permit, FWS Form 3-1383-G). 

These permits are valid only for the dates and areas shown on the 

permit. We require an application and a fee for those permits and hold 

a drawing, when necessary, to select the permittees.

    3. We allow those weapons authorized by the North Carolina Wildlife 

Resources Commission for taking big game species except that we 

prohibit the use of rifles or pistols for hunting. We allow hunters to 

take feral hog in any area that is open to hunting deer using only 

those weapons authorized for taking deer. We also allow hunters to take 

feral hogs with shotgun, muzzleloader, bow and arrow, and crossbow on 

the Frying Pan area tracts whenever we open those tracts to hunting any 

game species with firearms.

* * * * *

    5. We allow deer hunting with shotgun and muzzleloader on the Pungo 

Unit only while possessing a valid permit from the North Carolina 

Wildlife Resources Commission for the Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife 

Refuge Pungo Unit-either-sex deer special hunts that we hold in late 

September and October. We require a fee that validates the State permit 

to participate in these special hunts.

* * * * *

    7. Prior to December 1, we allow deer hunting with archery 

equipment as described by the North Carolina Wildlife Resources 

Commission on the Pungo Unit during all State deer seasons, except 

during the muzzleloader season and except during the special hunts 

described in C5.

* * * * *

    9. We allow the use of only portable deer stands (tree climbers, 

ladders, tripods, etc.). Hunters with a valid permit (State permit) for 

the special hunts described in condition C5 may install one deer stand 

on the Pungo Unit the day before the start of their hunt and leave it 

until the end of their hunt. Hunters must tag any stands left overnight 

on the refuge with their name, address, and telephone number. Hunters 

may use ground blinds, chairs, buckets, and other such items for 

hunting, but we require that you remove all of these items at the end 

of each day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

* * * * *

 

[[Page 41028]]

 

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We prohibit boats on Pungo Lake. We prohibit leaving a boat 

anywhere on the refuge overnight.

    3. We allow fishing only from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 

\1/2\ hour after legal sunset.

* * * * *

    28. Amend Sec.  32.55 Oklahoma by adding paragraph A.10., revising 

paragraph B.2., adding paragraphs B.11., C.10., and C.11., and revising 

paragraphs D.2. and D.3. under Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge. 

These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.55  Oklahoma.

 

* * * * *

 

Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    10. An adult at least age 18 must directly supervise youth age 14 

or younger while hunting.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We allow shotguns, .22- and .17-caliber rimfire rifles, and 

pistols for rabbit and squirrel hunting.

* * * * *

    11. An adult at least age 18 must directly supervise youth hunters 

age 14 or younger while hunting.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    10. An adult at least age 18 must directly supervise youth age 14 

or younger while hunting.

    11. During the refuge archery deer season/hunt, we follow the 

archery legal means of taking found in the Oklahoma Department of 

Wildlife Conservation's annual official Hunting Guide. No person may 

use any firearm in conjunction with this hunt.

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    2. No person may use any firearm in conjunction with fishing.

    3. We allow year-round fishing on the Deep Fork River and at the 

Montezuma Creek Fishing Area. We allow fishing on all other sloughs, 

farm ponds, and impoundments not connected to the River from March 1 

through October 31.

* * * * *

    29. Amend Sec.  32.56 Oregon by:

    a. Removing paragraph C.5. and redesignating paragraph C.6. as C.5. 

under Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge;

    b. Revising paragraph A. under Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the 

Columbian White-Tailed Deer; and

    c. Revising paragraph C. under William L. Finley National Wildlife 

Refuge.

    These revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.56  Oregon.

 

* * * * *

 

Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, 

coot, and common snipe on the shorelines of refuge-owned portions of 

Crims, Price, Hunting, and Wallace Islands subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot for hunting on the 

refuge (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    2. We prohibit hunting along refuge-owned shorelines of Hunting and 

Price Islands where it parallels Steamboat Slough.

    3. We prohibit permanent blinds. You must remove all personal 

property, including decoys and boats, by 1 hour after legal sunset (see 

Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

* * * * *

 

William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow deer hunting on designated areas of 

the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. We allow restricted firearms and archery deer hunting on 

designated dates from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until \1/2\ hour 

after legal sunset. We post these refuge-specific regulations at self-

service hunt kiosks.

    2. We allow only shotguns using buckshot or slugs and muzzleloaders 

for the restricted firearms deer hunt during the designated dates.

    3. You may harvest either-sex deer with appropriate State-issued 

tags.

    4. We prohibit overnight camping or after-hours parking on the 

refuge.

    5. We prohibit hunting from any refuge structure, observation 

blind, or boardwalk.

    6. All hunters must complete a Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-

2359), available at the self-service hunt kiosks, after each hunt day.

    7. Hunters may use portable or climbing deer stands but must remove 

them from the refuge daily (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    8. Persons possessing, transporting, or carrying firearms on 

national wildlife refuges must comply with all provisions of State and 

local law. Persons may only use (discharge) firearms in accordance with 

refuge regulations (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter and specific refuge 

regulations in part 32).

* * * * *

    30. Amend Sec.  32.59 Rhode Island by:

    a. Revising paragraph C. under Block Island National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    b. Revising paragraph C. under Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge; 

and

    c. Revising the heading of the entry for ``Pettaquamscutt Cove 

National Wildlife Refuge'' to read ``John H. Chafee National Wildlife 

Refuge'' and placing that newly titled entry in alphabetical order 

within the section.

 

 

Sec.  32.59  Rhode Island.

 

* * * * *

 

Block Island National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on 

designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

    1. We require hunters to submit a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application 

(FWS Form 3-2356) to be selected to hunt on the refuge. Hunting 

brochures containing hunting application procedures, seasons, bag 

limits, methods of hunting, maps depicting areas open to hunting, and 

the terms and conditions under which we issue hunting permits are 

available at the refuge administration office and on the refuge's Web 

site.

    2. We require hunters to possess a valid State hunting license and 

all required stamps, a valid government-issued photo identification, 

and a valid hunting permit issued by the refuge at all times while on 

refuge property.

    3. We prohibit hunters from taking any other wildlife.

    4. We require hunters to notify a refuge representative if they 

need to enter a closed area to retrieve game.

    5. We allow only shotguns (slugs only), muzzleloaders, and archery 

equipment to harvest deer.

    6. We prohibit the use of any drug on any arrow for bow hunting, 

including crossbows, on national wildlife refuges (see Sec.  32.2(g)). 

We prohibit archers possessing any arrows employing such drugs on any 

national wildlife refuge.

    7. We prohibit the distribution of bait and/or hunting over bait 

(see Sec.  32.2(h)).

    8. We prohibit the use of nails, wire, screws, or bolts to attach a 

stand to a tree, or hunting from a tree into which a metal object has 

been driven to support a hunter (see Sec.  32.2(i)).

    9. We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    10. We prohibit the use of spotlights, automotive headlights, or 

other artificial

 

[[Page 41029]]

 

light for the purpose of spotting, locating, or taking any animal. This 

regulation applies even if no weapons are in the vehicle.

    11. Anytime State hunting regulations specify the requirement that 

hunters wear blaze-orange clothing, hunters must adhere to those 

regulations both in amount of blaze-orange clothing required and in 

specified seasons. For example, we require both archery and firearms 

hunters to wear blaze-orange clothing during the firearm seasons in 

areas open to both types of hunts.

    12. We prohibit permanent tree stands. Hunters must remove all 

portable tree stands from the refuge daily (see Sec.  27.93 of this 

chapter). The Service takes no responsibility for the loss or theft of 

tree stands left in the field.

    13. Hunters must mark tree stands with owner information (name, 

address, and phone number). We allow only portable stands.

    14. We will prohibit the use of motorized or nonmotorized vehicles 

on the refuge unless the refuge manager grants prior approval (e.g., 

accessibility for disabled individuals). This includes, but we do not 

limit it to, vehicles, all-terrain vehicles, dirt bikes, motorcycles, 

and bicycles.

    15. We prohibit marking (including, but we do not limit it to, the 

use of flagging, bright eyes, tacks, and paint), cutting, and/or 

removal of trees or vegetation (see Sec.  27.51).

    16. We prohibit hunting in areas designated as closed.

    17. We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 m) of a State, county, 

city roadway, or refuge trail.

    18. We prohibit hunting with the use of firearms within 500 feet 

(150 m) of an occupied dwelling.

    19. We prohibit archery deer hunting within 200 feet (60 m) of an 

occupied dwelling.

    20. We prohibit the use of buckshot.

    21. We prohibit hunters field dressing deer within 100 feet (30 m) 

of a road or trail.

    22. We prohibit tracking later than 2\1/2\ hours after legal 

sunset. Hunters must make a reasonable effort to retrieve all wounded 

deer. This may include next-day tracking except on Federal holidays.

    23. We prohibit deer drives or anyone taking part in any deer 

drive. We define a ``deer drive'' as an organized or planned effort to 

pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in 

the direction of any person or persons who are part of the organized or 

planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

    24. Refuge hunting information and the Rhode Island Hunting and 

Trapping Abstract will inform hunters of both State and refuge 

regulations. Refuge-specific hunting regulations, as listed in the 

``Block Island National Wildlife Refuge Hunting Regulations'' handout, 

will be in effect.

* * * * *

 

Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on 

designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

    1. We require hunters to submit a Big/Upland Game Hunt Application 

(FWS Form 3-2356) to be selected to hunt on the refuge. Hunting 

brochures containing hunting application procedures, seasons, bag 

limits, methods of hunting, maps depicting areas open to hunting, and 

the terms and conditions under which we issue hunting permits are 

available at the refuge administration office and on the refuge's web 

site.

    2. We require hunters to possess a valid State hunting license and 

all required stamps, a valid government-issued photo identification, 

and a valid hunting permit issued by the refuge at all times while on 

refuge property.

    3. We prohibit hunters from taking any other wildlife.

    4. We require hunters to notify a refuge representative if they 

need to enter a closed area to retrieve game.

    5. We allow only shotguns (slugs only), muzzleloaders, and archery 

equipment to harvest deer.

    6. We prohibit the use of any drug on any arrow for bow hunting, 

including crossbows, on national wildlife refuges (see Sec.  32.2(g)). 

We prohibit archers possessing any arrows employing such drugs on any 

national wildlife refuge.

    7. We prohibit the distribution of bait and/or hunting over bait 

(see Sec.  32.2(h)).

    8. We prohibit the use of nails, wire, screws, or bolts to attach a 

stand to a tree, or hunting from a tree into which a metal object has 

been driven to support a hunter (see Sec.  32.2(i)).

    9. We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    10. We prohibit the use of spotlights, automotive headlights, or 

other artificial light for the purposes of spotting, locating, or 

taking any animal. This regulation applies even if no weapons are in 

the vehicle.

    11. Anytime State hunting regulations specify the requirement that 

hunters wear blaze-orange clothing, hunters must adhere to those 

regulations both in amount of blaze-orange clothing required and in 

specified seasons. For example, we require both archery and firearms 

hunters to wear blaze-orange clothing during the firearm seasons in 

areas open to both types of hunts.

    12. We prohibit permanent tree stands. Hunters must remove all 

portable tree stands from the refuge daily (see Sec.  27.93 of this 

chapter). The Service takes no responsibility for the loss or theft of 

tree stands left in the field.

    13. Hunters must mark tree stands with owner information (name, 

address, and phone number). We allow only portable stands.

    14. We will prohibit the use of motorized or nonmotorized vehicles 

on the refuge unless the refuge manager grants prior approval (e.g., 

accessibility for disabled individuals). This includes, but we do not 

limit it to, vehicles, all-terrain vehicles, dirt bikes, motorcycles, 

and bicycles.

    15. We prohibit marking (including, but we do not limit it to, the 

use of flagging, bright eyes, tacks, and paint), cutting, and/or 

removal of trees or vegetation (see Sec.  27.51).

    16. We prohibit hunting in areas designated as closed.

    17. We prohibit hunting within 100 feet (30 m) of a State, county, 

city roadway, or refuge trail.

    18. We prohibit hunting on the Kettle Pond Unit within 200 feet (60 

m) of the visitor center and parking lots.

    19. We prohibit hunting with the use of firearms within 500 feet 

(150 m) of an occupied dwelling.

    20. We prohibit archery deer hunting within 200 feet (60 m) of an 

occupied dwelling.

    21. We prohibit the use of buckshot.

    22. We prohibit hunters field dressing deer within 100 feet (30 m) 

of a road or trail.

    23. We prohibit tracking later than 2\1/2\ hours after legal 

sunset. Hunters must make a reasonable effort to retrieve all wounded 

deer. This may include next-day tracking except we prohibit tracking on 

Federal holidays.

    24. We prohibit deer drives or anyone taking part in any deer 

drive. We define a ``deer drive'' as an organized or planned effort to 

pursue, drive, chase, or otherwise frighten or cause deer to move in 

the direction of any person or persons who are part of the organized or 

planned hunt and known to be waiting for the deer.

    25. Refuge hunting information and the Rhode Island Hunting and 

Trapping Abstract will inform hunters of both State and refuge 

regulations. Refuge-specific hunting regulations, as listed in the 

``Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge

 

[[Page 41030]]

 

Hunting Regulations'' handout, will be in effect.

* * * * *

    31. Amend Sec.  32.60 South Carolina by:

    a. Revising paragraphs A.7., C.1., and C.3., adding paragraphs 

C.15. through C.20., and adding paragraphs D.7. through D.9. under 

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Removing paragraph C.15., redesignating paragraphs C.16. and 

C.17. as paragraphs C.15. and C.16., removing paragraph D.2., and 

redesignating paragraph D.3. as D.2. under Pinckney Island National 

Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Revising the entry for Santee National Wildlife Refuge; and

    d. Revising the introductory text for paragraph A., revising 

paragraphs A.2., A.7., and B.3., adding paragraph B.5., revising the 

introductory text of paragraph C., revising paragraphs C.1., C.2., 

C.5., C.10., C.14., and C.18., and adding paragraphs C.19. and C.20. of 

Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.60  South Carolina.

 

* * * * *

 

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    7. Legal shooting hours for September dove hunts are 12 p.m. (noon) 

to 6 p.m.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A5 and A8 apply (with the following 

exception for condition A4: Each adult may supervise no more than one 

youth hunter.).

    3. During deer and turkey hunts, we prohibit hunters from entering 

the refuge earlier than 4 a.m. and staying on the refuge later than 2 

hours after legal sunset.

* * * * *

    15. We prohibit the use of game and trail cameras.

    16. We prohibit placing stands on the refuge more than 3 days prior 

to the opening day of each big game hunt period and leaving stands at 

the end of each hunt period.

    17. We prohibit the use of a tree stand or climbing equipment 

without a safety belt or harness.

    18. We prohibit the use of permanent, nonportable tree stands (see 

Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    19. We prohibit inserting a nail, screw, spike, or other metal 

object into a tree or hunting from a tree into which the hunter has 

inserted a metal object (see Sec.  32.2(i)).

    20. We prohibit baiting or hunting in the vicinity of bait (see 

Sec.  32.2(h)).

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    7. At Mays and Honkers Lakes, the creel limit on largemouth bass is 

five fish per person per day. All bass must be a minimum length of 12 

inches (30 cm).

    8. We designate Oxpen Lake as adult-youth fishing only. A youth 

(under age 16) must be actively fishing and accompanied by no more than 

two adults at least age 18. We prohibit adults fishing unless a youth 

accompanies them. The creel limit on channel catfish is five fish per 

person per day.

    9. We prohibit the use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

* * * * *

 

Santee National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. [Reserved]

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of raccoon and opossum on 

designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

    1. We allow hunters to use only weapons, firearms, and ammunition 

specifically authorized for each hunt.

    2. All refuge hunters under age 16 must show proof of successfully 

completing a hunter education/safety course. A properly licensed adult 

at least age 21 must directly supervise (within sight and normal voice 

contact) hunters under age 16. An adult may supervise only one youth.

    3. We require hunters to possess a refuge hunt permit (brochure 

signed by the hunter), a valid State hunting license, and photo 

identification while hunting.

    4. Hunters must check all animals taken on the refuge at the check 

station prior to removing the animal from the refuge.

    5. We require hunters to make a reasonable effort to retrieve 

wounded game. Hunters must obtain permission from refuge personnel to 

enter a ``No Hunting Zone'' or ``Closed Area'' for any purpose.

    6. We allow vehicles only on established roads marked open for 

vehicular traffic. Hunters may travel roads marked ``Closed to all 

vehicles'' on foot or by bicycle. The speed limit for all roads is 15 

mph. We prohibit blocking travel through refuge access gates or roads. 

We prohibit ATVs.

    7. Hunters must unload and dismantle (or case) hunting firearms 

when transporting them in vehicles and boats during refuge hunts. We 

define a loaded firearm as having ammunition in the chamber or 

magazine. We will consider muzzleloaders unloaded if the percussion cap 

is not seated in the chamber.

    8. We prohibit possession of bait, baiting, and/or hunting in the 

vicinity of bait (see Sec.  32.2(h)).

    9. We prohibit camping, overnight parking, open fires, and 

littering (see Sec. Sec.  27.95(a) and 27.94 of this chapter).

    10. We prohibit game and trail cameras.

    11. We prohibit entry beyond ``Closed Area'' or ``No Hunting Zone'' 

signs. We prohibit discharging weapons within, into, or across a ``No 

Hunting Zone'' or ``Closed Area.''

    12. We prohibit discharging a firearm from, on, or across any 

refuge road, or designated refuge foot trail.

    13. We prohibit hunting from within 100 feet (30 m) of any roadway, 

whether open or closed to vehicular traffic, or from or within 300 

yards (270 m) of any residence or designated hunter check station.

    14. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    15. We prohibit man or dog drives, stalk hunting, and/or hunting 

from artificially pruned trees.

    16. We allow hunting on each refuge unit only within specified hunt 

periods and only for raccoon or opossum, and white-tailed deer (see 

paragraph C. Big Game Hunting below).

    17. We allow unlimited harvest of feral hog as an incidental take 

while hunting.

    18. We allow use of dogs only for raccoon hunting. The dogs must 

wear a collar displaying the owner's name, address, and telephone 

number.

    19. We allow take of raccoon and opossum only during night hunting. 

Special State regulations apply for night hunting.

    20. We allow take of raccoon and opossum with a shotgun using 

nontoxic shot size no larger than 4 or a .22-caliber rimfire 

rifle. We prohibit possession of buckshot or slugs. We prohibit the use 

of all other weapons for hunting.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer on 

designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions B1 through B17 apply.

    2. We prohibit the use of dogs during deer hunts. We prohibit night 

hunting.

    3. We prohibit the use of nails, screws, or bolts to attach a tree 

stand to a tree or hunting from a tree where a metal object has been 

driven to support a hunter (see Sec.  32.2(i)).

 

[[Page 41031]]

 

    4. We prohibit destroying or cutting vegetation (see Sec.  27.51 of 

this chapter). We prohibit the possession of axes, saws, machetes, or 

other tools used for cutting vegetation on the refuge while scouting or 

hunting.

    5. We allow flagging only along the edges of roads and trails and 

at the tree in which the hunter places the stand. Hunters may use 

clothes pins with reflective tape to mark the path to the tree, but 

they must mark all pins and flagging with the hunter's full name, date, 

and phone number. Hunters must remove all flagging and pins at the end 

of the hunt; we will consider any flagging or pins found after the end 

of the hunt to be littering (see Sec.  27.94 of this chapter), and we 

will remove them immediately.

    6. We require hunters to wear 500 square inches (3,250 cm\2\) of 

solid fluorescent-orange above the waist consisting of a hat and vest 

or jacket during all refuge big game firearm hunts.

    7. Deer hunting must occur from elevated deer stands; we prohibit 

ground blinds. We allow only one stand per hunter, and the hunters must 

clearly mark stands with their full name, date, and phone number.

    8. We allow scouting on both the Pine Island and Cuddo Units during 

periods when these units are open to general public access. We allow 

vehicles only on roads designated as open for vehicular traffic. All 

other roads and trails are open to walk-in or bicycle traffic. We 

prohibit hunting weapons and dogs during scouting activities.

    9. Hunters may place stands, cloth pins, and flagging only on 

respective hunt areas on the Friday and Saturday immediately prior to 

each hunt (from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m.) and must remove them by 8:30 p.m. 

on the last day of each hunt. We will confiscate any stands found 

within the designated hunt areas outside of allowed periods.

    10. We will open access roads, closed to the general public for 

driving, only during each deer hunt and on the Friday and Saturday 

prior to each hunt.

    11. We will open hunting areas from 5 a.m. until 8:30 p.m. during 

designated hunt periods. We require all hunters to check out at the 

hunter check station by 8:30 p.m.

    12. We open the Plantation Islands (Cuddo Unit) to hunting only 

from 5 a.m. until 2:30 p.m. All hunters hunting Plantation Islands must 

indicate on the check-in sheet that they are hunting on an island.

    13. Shooting hours are from \1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 

\1/2\ hour after legal sunset.

    14. The refuge conducts one lottery draw hunt (using Quota Deer 

Hunt Application FWS 3-2354) for the Family, Friends, and Kids (Family 

Friendly) hunts conducted on the Bluff Unit of the refuge. Contact the 

refuge office for dates, application information, and more information 

about this special hunt opportunity.

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on the refuge in accordance with 

State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. A valid State fishing license and a signed refuge fishing permit 

(signed brochure) must be in each angler's possession while fishing on 

the refuge.

    2. We allow public fishing on all four refuge units. We open waters 

of Lake Marion within refuge boundaries for fishing 24 hours a day, 

except in areas posted as ``Closed Areas'' or closed for migratory bird 

management. We allow fishing only on the inland ponds and canals during 

times the refuge units are open for general public access or as posted.

    3. Cantey Bay (Bluff Unit), Black Bottom (Cuddo Unit), and Savannah 

Branch (Pine Island Unit) are only open to public access, including 

boating and fishing, from March 1 through October 31.

    4. We limit access to the interior freshwater canals and ponds to 

canoes or kayaks, or by foot or bicycle travel only. We prohibit use of 

internal combustion engines on interior ponds and canals.

    5. We prohibit littering, camping and/or overnight parking, open 

fires, swimming or wading, collecting or searching for or taking of any 

items of antiquity, and overnight mooring of boats (see Sec. Sec.  

27.62, 27.94, 27.95(a)). We allow pets only in designated areas, and 

they must remain on a leash or within vehicles/vessels.

    6. We prohibit fishing or boating within 100 feet (30 m) of any 

nesting bird or bird rookeries within refuge boundaries.

    7. We prohibit commercial fishing, air-thrust boats, hovercraft, 

airboats, and personal watercraft within the waters of and/or boundary 

of the refuge.

    8. We prohibit fishing at night, except by boat in Lake Marion. We 

prohibit bank fishing and fishing within interior ponds, canals, and 

impoundments at night.

    9. We prohibit nighttime access to boat launching areas.

* * * * *

 

Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, 

coot, woodcock, and snipe on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

* * * * *

    2. Each youth hunter age 15 and younger must remain within sight, 

within normal voice contact, and under the supervision of an adult age 

21 or older. We do not require youth hunters to have a hunter education 

card, but they must possess the refuge hunting regulations permit. The 

supervising adult must comply with all State and Federal hunting 

license requirements and possess a signed refuge hunting regulations 

permit (signed brochure). Each supervising adult may supervise no more 

than two youths.

* * * * *

    7. We allow use of retrieving dogs only while hunting. We require 

dogs to wear a collar displaying the owner's name, address, and phone 

number.

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    3. We require nontoxic shot no larger than 2 in shotguns 

when hunting. We allow .22-caliber rimfire rifles.

* * * * *

    5. We require the use of retrieving dogs for hunting raccoon and 

opossum.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral 

hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge. The State of South 

Carolina does not classify feral hog as big game; however, for the 

purpose of hunting regulations, we put feral hog in the big game 

category. We allow big game hunting on the refuge in accordance with 

State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Conditions A1, A9, A10, B2, and B4 apply.

    2. We allow hunting for designated species only on days designated 

annually by the refuge, within the State season, and according to 

refuge unit-specific regulations.

* * * * *

    5. We prohibit blow guns and drugged arrows (see Sec.  32.2(g)). We 

allow muzzleloading rifles that use only a single projectile on the 

muzzleloader hunts. We prohibit buckshot, rimfire ammunition, and full-

metal-jacketed military ammunition.

* * * * *

    10. The refuge limit on deer is two antlered bucks per year. 

Hunters can harvest up to three antlerless deer per year during 

coinciding State doe days or by using personal doe tags.

* * * * *

    14. We allow only one portable tree stand per hunter, and the 

hunter must

 

[[Page 41032]]

 

clearly mark it with their full name and phone number. We prohibit 

placing deer stands on the refuge more than 3 days prior to the opening 

day of a hunting session. Hunters must remove stands from the refuge no 

later than 3 days after each refuge big game hunt (see Sec.  27.93 of 

this chapter).

* * * * *

    18. We prohibit possession of bait, distribution of bait, or 

hunting over a baited area (see Sec.  32.2(h)).

    19. We allow crossbows only during the big game hunting sessions 

where we allow muzzleloaders and modern weapons. We may also allow them 

during special hunts if we determine they are appropriate.

    20. Each youth hunter age 15 and younger must remain within sight, 

within normal voice contact, under supervision of an adult age 21 or 

older, and must possess the refuge hunting regulations permit (signed 

brochure). We do not require youth hunters who are sitting in the same 

hunting stand as the supervising adult to possess a hunter education 

card. We require youth hunters who are sitting in a hunting stand by 

themselves to possess a valid hunter education card. The supervising 

adult must comply with all State and Federal hunting license 

requirements and possess a signed refuge hunting regulations permit. 

Each supervising adult may supervise a maximum of one youth.

* * * * *

    32. Amend Sec.  32.61 South Dakota by revising the entry for 

LaCreek National Wildlife Refuge and placing that entry in alphabetical 

order to read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.61  South Dakota.

 

* * * * *

 

LaCreek National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow the hunting of goose, 

duck, coot, common snipe, sandhill crane, American crow, and mourning 

dove only within the Little White River Recreation Area in accordance 

with State regulations.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow the hunting of ring-necked 

pheasant and sharp-tailed grouse on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. Hunters may remain on the refuge no longer than \1/2\ hour after 

legal sunset.

    2. You must park vehicles in a designated hunter parking area.

    3. Hunters must access and exit the hunting area only from a 

designated hunter parking area.

    4. We prohibit hunting with the aid of a motor vehicle.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed and mule deer 

on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

    1. We require a State permit for muzzleloader deer hunting.

    2. All archery deer hunters must possess and carry a refuge permit 

(signature required).

    3. Deer hunters may enter the refuge \1/2\ hours before legal 

sunrise and remain no longer than 1\1/2\ hours after legal sunset.

    4. Hunters may leave portable tree stands and free-standing 

elevated platforms on the refuge from the first Saturday after August 

25 through February 15. Hunters must remove all other personal property 

by the end of the day (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    5. Portable tree stands and free-standing elevated platforms must 

bear the name and address of the owner or user, or that person's 

current hunting license number. The labeling must be legible from the 

ground.

    6. We close the refuge to archery hunting during refuge firearm 

seasons.

    7. Conditions B1 through B3 apply.

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. Areas open for fishing include: Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10, the 

Little White River Recreation Area, and the Cedar Creek Trout Ponds. We 

prohibit fishing in all other areas of the refuge.

    2. We allow boat use only on Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10, and the Little 

White River Recreation Area.

    3. We prohibit the use of internal combustion motors in Pools 3, 4, 

7, and 10.

    4. We prohibit the use or possession of live minnows or bait fish 

in Pools 3, 4, 7, and 10 and the Cedar Creek Trout Ponds.

    5. We will open designated fishing areas from \1/2\ hour before 

legal sunrise to \1/2\ hour after legal sunset, except the Little White 

River Recreation Area.

* * * * *

    33. Amend Sec.  32.62 Tennessee by:

    a. Revising paragraphs A.1., A.2., and A.4. through A.7., removing 

paragraph A.8., redesignating paragraphs A.9. and A.10. as paragraphs 

A.8. and A.9., revising newly redesignated paragraph A.9., adding new 

paragraphs A.10. through A.12., revising paragraphs B.1., B.4., and 

B.5., removing paragraph B.7., redesignating paragraph B.8. as 

paragraph B.7., adding new paragraph B.8., and revising paragraphs 

C.1., C.4., and D.6. under Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Revising the introductory text of paragraph A., revising 

paragraphs A.1., A.2., A.4., A.5., A.7., A.8., and A.10., adding 

paragraphs A.11. and A.12., revising paragraphs B.1. and B.2., removing 

paragraph B.6., redesignating paragraph B.7. as B.6., adding new 

paragraphs B.7. and B.8., and revising paragraphs C.1., C.4., and D.9. 

under Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge;

    c. Revising paragraphs B.1. through B.5., B.9., and B.10., adding 

paragraphs B.13. through B.16., revising paragraph C.1., revising the 

introductory text of paragraph D., and adding paragraphs D.4. through 

D.7. under Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge;

    d. Revising paragraphs A.1., A.2., and A4. through A.7., removing 

paragraph A.8., redesignating paragraphs A.9. through A.11. as 

paragraphs A.8. through A.10., revising newly redesignated paragraph 

A.9., adding new paragraphs A.11. through A.13., revising paragraphs 

B.1., B.4., and B.5., removing paragraph B.7., redesignating paragraphs 

B.8. and B.9. as paragraphs B.7. and B.8., adding new paragraph B.9., 

revising paragraphs C.1. and C.4., and adding paragraph D.8. under 

Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge; and

    e. Revising paragraphs B.1. through B.5., B.9., and B.10., adding 

paragraphs B.13. through B.16., revising paragraphs C.1., C.4., and 

C.5., revising the introductory text of paragraph D., and adding 

paragraphs D.5. through D.8. of Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.62  Tennessee.

 

* * * * *

 

Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. The refuge is a day-use area only. We close the refuge from 

legal sunset to legal sunrise, with the exception of legal hunting/

fishing activities.

    2. We prohibit the use of all motorized off-road vehicles (e.g., 

ATVs, UTVs) on the refuge (see Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter).

* * * * *

    4. You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed refuge 

brochure) and comply with all permit provisions and other applicable 

State and Federal law.

    5. We allow hunting for duck, goose, coot, and merganser from \1/2\ 

hour before legal sunrise to 12 p.m. (noon) CST. We allow hunters to 

access the refuge no more than 2 hours before legal sunrise.

    6. Mourning dove, woodcock, and snipe seasons close during all 

firearms, youth, and muzzleloader deer seasons.

 

[[Page 41033]]

 

    7. You may use only portable blinds, and you must remove all boats, 

blinds, and decoys (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) from the refuge by 

1 p.m. CST daily.

* * * * *

    9. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting with a 

shotgun (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    10. We prohibit cutting of holes, lanes, or other manipulation of 

vegetation (e.g., cutting bushes and trees, mowing, herbicide use, and 

other actions) or hunting from manipulated areas (see Sec.  27.51 of 

this chapter).

    11. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on refuge lands (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    12. We prohibit hunting over or the placement of bait (see Sec.  

32.2(h)). Baiting means the direct or indirect placing, exposing, 

depositing, or scattering of any salt, grain, powder, liquid, or other 

feed substance to attract game.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A4 and A8 through A12 apply.

* * * * *

    4. Squirrel, rabbit, and quail seasons close during all firearms, 

youth, and muzzleloader deer seasons.

    5. Raccoon and opossum seasons close Friday and Saturday nights 

during all firearms, youth, and muzzleloader deer hunts and seasons, 

including the Friday night prior to any hunt or season that opens on a 

Saturday morning.

* * * * *

    8. We prohibit trapping.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A4, A8, A10 through A12, B6, and B7 apply.

* * * * *

    4. Hunters may possess lead-rifled slugs while deer hunting on the 

refuge (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    6. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

fishing on refuge lands and waters (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

* * * * *

 

Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of duck, goose, 

coot, merganser, mourning dove, woodcock, and snipe on designated areas 

of the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. The refuge is a day-use area only. We close the refuge from 

legal sunset to legal sunrise, with the exception of legal hunting/

fishing activities.

    2. We prohibit use of all motorized off-road vehicles (e.g., ATVs, 

UTVs) on the refuge (see Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter).

* * * * *

    4. You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed refuge 

brochure) and comply with all permit provisions and other applicable 

State and Federal laws.

    5. We allow waterfowl hunting only on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and 

Saturdays. We allow hunting for duck, goose, coot, and merganser from 

\1/2\ hour before legal sunrise until 12 p.m. (noon) CST. We allow 

hunters to access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before legal 

sunrise.

* * * * *

    7. You may use only portable blinds, and you must remove all boats, 

blinds, and decoys (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) from the refuge by 

1 p.m. CST daily.

    8. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on refuge lands (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

* * * * *

    10. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting with 

a shotgun (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    11. We prohibit cutting of holes, lanes, or other manipulation of 

vegetation (e.g., cutting bushes and trees, mowing, herbicide use, and 

other actions) or hunting from manipulated areas (see Sec.  27.51 of 

this chapter).

    12. We prohibit hunting over or the placement of bait (see Sec.  

32.2(h)). Baiting means the direct or indirect placing, exposing, 

depositing, or scattering of any salt, grain, powder, liquid, or other 

feed substance to attract game.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A4 and A8 through A12 apply.

    2. We allow hunters to access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours 

before legal sunrise to no later than 2 hours after legal sunset, with 

the exception of raccoon and opossum hunters. We will allow access to 

those hunters from legal sunset to legal sunrise.

* * * * *

    7. We prohibit camping and fires on the refuge.

    8. We prohibit trapping.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A4, A8, A10 through A12, and B5 through B7 

apply.

* * * * *

    4. Hunters may possess lead-rifled slugs while deer hunting on the 

refuge (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    9. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

fishing on refuge lands and waters (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

 

Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. The refuge is a day-use area only. We close the refuge from 

legal sunset to legal sunrise, with the exception of legal hunting 

activities.

    2. We prohibit the use of all motorized off-road vehicles (e.g., 

ATVs, UTVs) on the refuge (see Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter).

    3. We set season dates and bag limits annually and publish them in 

the refuge brochure available at the refuge office.

    4. You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed refuge 

brochure) and comply with all permit provisions and other applicable 

State and Federal laws.

    5. We allow hunters to access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours 

before legal sunrise to no later than 2 hours after legal sunset, with 

the exception of raccoon and opossum hunters. We will allow access to 

those hunters from legal sunset to legal sunrise.

* * * * *

    9. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on refuge lands (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    10. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting with 

a shotgun (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

* * * * *

    13. We prohibit cutting of holes, lanes, or other manipulation of 

vegetation (e.g., cutting bushes and trees, mowing, herbicide use, and 

other actions) or hunting from manipulated areas (see Sec.  27.51 of 

this chapter).

    14. We prohibit hunting over or the placement of bait (see Sec.  

32.2(h)). Baiting means the direct or indirect placing, exposing, 

depositing, or scattering of any salt, grain, powder, liquid, or other 

feed substance to attract game.

    15. We do not open for spring squirrel season on the refuge.

    16. We prohibit trapping.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions B1 through B6 and B8 through B14 apply.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

* * * * *

    4. We allow fishing only with pole and line or rod and reel.

    5. We prohibit possession of unauthorized fishing gear, including 

trotlines, limblines, juglines, yo-yos, nets, spears, and snag hooks 

while fishing on the refuge.

    6. We allow use of a bow and arrow or a gig to take nongame fish on 

refuge waters.

 

[[Page 41034]]

 

    7. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

fishing on refuge lands and waters (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

 

Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. The refuge is a day-use area only. We close the refuge from 

legal sunset to legal sunrise, with the exception of legal hunting/

fishing activities.

    2. We prohibit the use of all motorized off-road vehicles (e.g., 

ATVs, UTVs) on the refuge (see Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter).

* * * * *

    4. You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed refuge 

brochure) and comply with all permit provisions and other applicable 

State and Federal law.

    5. We allow hunting for duck, goose, coot, and merganser from \1/2\ 

hour before legal sunrise to 12 p.m. (noon) CST. We allow hunters to 

access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours before legal sunrise.

    6. Mourning dove, woodcock, and snipe seasons close during all 

firearms, youth, and muzzleloader deer seasons.

    7. You may use only portable blinds, and you must remove all boats, 

blinds, and decoys (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) from the refuge by 

1 p.m. CST daily.

* * * * *

    9. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting with a 

shotgun (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

* * * * *

    11. We prohibit cutting of holes, lanes, or other manipulation of 

vegetation (e.g., cutting bushes and trees, mowing, herbicide use, and 

other actions) or hunting from manipulated areas (see Sec.  27.51 of 

this chapter).

    12. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on refuge lands (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    13. We prohibit hunting over or the placement of bait (see Sec.  

32.2(h)). Baiting means the direct or indirect placing, exposing, 

depositing, or scattering of any salt, grain, powder, liquid, or other 

feed substance to attract game.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A4 and A8 through A13 apply.

* * * * *

    4. Squirrel, rabbit, and quail seasons close during all firearms, 

youth, and muzzleloader deer seasons.

    5. Raccoon and opossum seasons close Friday and Saturday nights 

during all firearms, youth, and muzzleloader deer hunts and seasons, 

including the Friday night prior to any hunt or season that opens on a 

Saturday morning.

* * * * *

    9. We prohibit trapping.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 through A4, A8, A10 through A13, and B6 through B8 

apply.

* * * * *

    4. Hunters may possess lead-rifled slugs while deer hunting on the 

refuge (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    8. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

fishing on refuge lands and waters (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

 

Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. The refuge is a day-use area only. We close the refuge from 

legal sunset to legal sunrise, with the exception of legal hunting/

fishing activities.

    2. We prohibit the use of all motorized off-road vehicles (e.g., 

ATVs, UTVs) on the refuge (see Sec.  27.31(f) of this chapter).

    3. We set season dates and bag limits annually and publish them in 

the refuge brochure available at the refuge office.

    4. You must possess and carry a signed refuge permit (signed refuge 

brochure) and comply with all permit provisions and other applicable 

State and Federal law.

    5. We allow hunters to access the refuge no earlier than 2 hours 

before legal sunrise to no later than 2 hours after legal sunset, with 

the exception of raccoon and opossum hunters. We will allow access to 

those hunters from legal sunset to legal sunrise.

* * * * *

    9. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting on refuge lands (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    10. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting with 

a shotgun (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

* * * * *

    13. We prohibit cutting of holes, lanes, or other manipulation of 

vegetation (e.g., cutting bushes and trees, mowing, herbicide use, and 

other actions) or hunting from manipulated areas (see Sec.  27.51 of 

this chapter).

    14. We prohibit hunting over or the placement of bait (see Sec.  

32.2(h)). Baiting means the direct or indirect placing, exposing, 

depositing, or scattering of any salt, grain, powder, liquid, or other 

feed substance to attract game.

    15. We do not open for spring squirrel season on the refuge.

    16. We prohibit trapping.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions B1 through B6 and B8 through B14 apply.

* * * * *

    4. Hunters may possess lead-rifled slugs while deer hunting on the 

refuge (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    5. We allow the use of only portable blinds and tree stands on the 

refuge. You must remove blinds, tree stands, and all other personal 

equipment (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) from the refuge at the end 

of each day's hunt.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow sport fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

* * * * *

    5. We allow fishing only with pole and line or rod and reel.

    6. We prohibit possession of unauthorized fishing gear, including 

trotlines, limblines, juglines, yo-yos, nets, spears, and snag hooks 

while fishing on the refuge.

    7. We allow use of a bow and arrow or a gig to take nongame fish on 

refuge water.

    8. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

fishing on refuge lands and waters (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

* * * * *

    34. Amend Sec.  32.63 Texas by:

    a. Revising paragraph C.1. and adding paragraph C.11. under 

Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge; and

    b. Revising the entry under Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge; and

    c. Revising paragraphs C.6. and C.8. under Laguna Atascosa National 

Wildlife Refuge.

    These revisions and additions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.63  Texas.

 

* * * * *

 

Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1, A4, A5, and A8 through A11 apply.

* * * * *

    11. Hunters must be at least age 12. A Texas-licensed adult (age 21 

or older), who has successfully completed a Hunter Education Training 

Course, must accompany hunters between ages 12 and 17 (inclusive). We 

exempt those persons born prior to September 2, 1971, from the Hunter 

Education Training Course requirement. We define accompanied as being 

within normal voice contact of an adult. This adult may supervise no 

more than two hunters.

* * * * *

 

[[Page 41035]]

 

Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of mourning dove 

in the month of September on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. You must possess and carry a signed refuge brochure (which 

serves as your Migratory Game Bird/Upland Game permit). The permit is 

available free of charge at the refuge headquarters.

    2. We require the hunter to self check-in and check out.

    3. We allow only shotguns for hunting.

    4. You may possess shot for hunting no larger than 4 in 

the hunting area.

    5. Hunters may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the 

field (see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    6. We prohibit hunting within 150 feet (45 m) of any Day Use Area 

or walking trail.

    7. We prohibit target practice or any nonhunting discharge of 

firearms.

    8. We prohibit falconry.

    9. We allow retriever dogs, but the dogs must be under the control 

of the handler at all times (see Sec.  26.21(b) of this chapter).

    10. We prohibit airboats, hovercraft, and personal watercraft (jet 

skis, wave runner, jet boats, etc.) year-round on refuge waters.

    11. We prohibit building or hunting from permanent blinds.

    12. We prohibit blocking of gates and roads (see Sec.  27.31(h) of 

this chapter).

    13. We prohibit ATVs.

    14. We prohibit horses.

    15. We prohibit glass containers.

    16. We prohibit use or possession of alcoholic beverages while 

hunting (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    17. We prohibit hunting over feeders or feed (see Sec.  32.2(h)).

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of squirrel and rabbit in 

the months of February and September on designated areas of the refuge 

in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions: Conditions A1 through A17 apply.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of white-tailed deer, feral 

hog, and turkey on designated areas of the refuge in accordance with 

State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. We require a limited hunt permit (Big/Upland Game Hunting 

Application, FWS Form 3-2356) for archery deer, feral hog, and spring 

turkey hunts. For additional information on how to apply, contact the 

refuge headquarters at 903-786-2826.

    2. Conditions A2, A5 through A7, and A11 through A17 apply.

    3. We restrict hunt participants for quota hunts to those drawn for 

and in possession of a limited hunt permit. The permits are 

nontransferable. Hunt dates and application procedures will be 

available annually at the refuge headquarters.

    4. We allow limited hunts for feral hog (March), archery deer 

(November, December), and spring turkey (April). We allow 

muzzleloaders, bow and arrow, and shotguns for feral hog and spring 

turkey hunts. You may possess and use only lead free, nontoxic (steel, 

bismuth, copper, or tungsten) bullets, slugs, and shot (00 buck for 

hogs, no shell larger than No. 4 shot size for turkey).

    5. We require all hunters to check-in, show proof of personal 

identification, and produce a valid limited hunt permit (see C1) prior 

to the hunt.

    6. We limit each hunter to one stand which the hunter may place on 

the refuge during the day preceding each hunt. Hunters must remove all 

stands by legal sunset on the last day of each hunt (see Sec. Sec.  

27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

    7. We prohibit the use of nonbiodegradable flagging, blazing, 

tacks, nails, or other trail marking devices to locate stands or for 

any other purpose.

    8. Hunters must check all game harvested during limited hunts at 

the refuge check station the same day of the kill and prior to leaving 

the refuge for the day.

    9. We prohibit crossbows except by special permit (General Special 

Use Application and Permit FWS Form 3-1383-G) issued on a case-by-case 

basis by the refuge manager to accommodate hunter accessibility needs.

    10. We divide the refuge into six hunting units, and we may rotate 

areas open to hunting annually. We allow hunting only on designated 

days and only on areas identified annually by the refuge.

    11. We require proof of completion of a bow hunter education course 

for all archery hunting.

    12. We require annual successful completion of archery proficiency 

test with a score of 80 percent or higher for all deer and turkey hunt 

permit holders.

    13. Hunting is from stands, blinds, or by stalking only.

    14. We prohibit cutting of trees or limbs greater than 1 inch (2.5 

cm).

    15. We will close the hunt units to public entry the day prior to 

each hunt segment.

    16. We will allow hunters with valid limited permits to place hunt 

stands on trees the day before their hunt segment begins, but they must 

first check-in at the hunter check station. They may not enter any hunt 

unit until 8 a.m., and they must leave the unit by 2 p.m. We will 

disqualify anyone in violation from hunting.

    17. There is no bag or size limit on the harvesting of feral hogs.

    18. We prohibit scouting the day prior to and during each hunt 

segment.

    19. We require hunters to wear a safety harness while hunting in 

elevated stands.

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on designated areas of the 

refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. Lake Texoma and connected streams are open to fishing year-

round. We require a valid State of Texas or Lake Texoma fishing license 

as per State regulations.

    2. Conditions A10, and A12 through A15 apply.

    3. You may bank and wade fish with pole and line, rod and reel, or 

hand line year-round in all areas open to public fishing.

    4. We allow fishing in refuge ponds March 15 through September 30 

annually. We require a valid State of Texas or Lake Texoma fishing 

license as per State regulations.

    5. Anglers may not use any glass containers, plastic jugs, or 

plastic bottles as floats.

    6. We prohibit discarding any type of fishing line.

    7. You may take bait only for personal use while fishing in refuge 

waters in accordance with Texas State law. We prohibit removal of bait 

from the refuge for commercial sales or use.

    8. We prohibit fishing from bridges.

    9. We allow the use of bow and arrow to take nongame fish on refuge 

waters.

    10. We prohibit limb lines, throw lines, jug lines, seine nets, and 

yo-yos.

    11. We prohibit taking frog, turtle, and mussel from refuge lands 

and waters (see Sec.  27.21 of this chapter).

    12. We prohibit entry into refuge impoundments and ponds by any 

means (i.e., foot, boat, other floating device), for any purpose, year-

round.

    13. We prohibit boats and all other floating devices on all open 

waters of Lake Texoma, except Big Mineral Creek from October 1 through 

March 14 annually.

    14. At the point where Big Mineral Creek joins Lake Texoma, Big 

Mineral Creek becomes a year-round no-wake zone to the end of upstream 

navigable waters.

    15. From October 1 through March 14, we allow only nonmotorized 

boats in Big Mineral Creek from the point where it joins Lake Texoma to 

the upstream end of navigable waters. This includes any type of gas or 

electric motor that is

 

[[Page 41036]]

 

onboard and capable of use. We allow launching only from L Pad Road or 

by hand at the Big Mineral Day Use Area.

 

Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    6. We define youth hunters as ages 9 through 16. A Texas-licensed 

adult hunter, age 21 or older who has successfully completed a Hunter 

Education Training Course or is exempt, must accompany the youth 

hunter. We exempt those persons born prior to September 2, 1971, from 

the Hunter Education Training course requirement. We define accompanied 

as being within normal voice contact of the adult. Each adult hunter 

may supervise only one youth hunter.

* * * * *

    8. We allow a scouting period prior to the commencement of the 

refuge deer hunting season. A permitted hunter and a limit of two 

nonpermitted individuals may enter the hunt units during the scouting 

period. We allow access to the units during the scouting period from 

1\1/2\ hours before legal sunrise to legal sunset. You must clearly 

display the refuge-issued Hunter Vehicle Validation Tag/Scouting Permit 

(available from the refuge office) face up on the vehicle dashboard 

when hunting and scouting.

* * * * *

    35. Amend Sec.  32.64 Utah by:

    a. Revising paragraphs A. and B., and adding paragraphs D.2. 

through D.4. under Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge; and

    b. Revising paragraph B.3., adding paragraph B.4., revising 

paragraphs C.3., C.4., C.6., C.7., and adding paragraphs C.8. and C.9. 

under Ouray National Wildlife Refuge.

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.64  Utah.

 

* * * * *

 

Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, 

coot, and tundra swan on designated areas of the refuge in accordance 

with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. We prohibit hunting or shooting within 100 yards (90 m) of 

refuge roads, parking areas, and observation platforms.

    2. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the field 

(see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    3. We allow only portable blinds and blinds made from natural 

vegetation. We prohibit the construction or use of permanent blinds 

and/or pits for blinds (see Sec.  27.92 of this chapter).

    4. You must remove boats, decoys, portable blinds, and other 

personal property from the refuge at the end of each day (see 

Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 27.94 of this chapter).

    5. We allow airboats only in Refuge Unit 9 and Block C.

    6. You may possess only 10 shells while hunting on or within 50 

feet (15 m) from the center of Unit 1A or 2C dike.

    7. We prohibit hunters or dogs to enter closed areas to retrieve 

downed birds.

    8. We prohibit the consumption or possession of alcoholic beverages 

while hunting (see Sec.  32.2(j)).

    9. We are closed for spring and extended season goose hunts.

    10. You must possess a valid State permit to hunt swans on the 

refuge.

    11. We prohibit all commercial guiding and outfitter activities on 

the refuge.

    12. We prohibit entering the refuge hunting units prior to the 

opening day of waterfowl season.

    13. We prohibit archery hunting on the refuge.

    14. You may enter the refuge 2 hours before legal sunrise and must 

exit the refuge by 2 hours after legal sunset.

    15. You may park only in designated areas.

    16. We allow only legally licensed vehicles on the refuge. We 

prohibit use of unlicensed off-highway vehicles and all-terrain 

vehicles on the refuge.

    17. We prohibit fires, camping, and overnight RV parking on the 

refuge.

    18. You may discharge firearms only during legal hunting 

activities. We prohibit target shooting.

    19. Persons possessing, transporting, or carrying firearms on 

national wildlife refuges must comply with all provisions of State and 

local law. Persons may only use (discharge) hunting firearms in 

accordance with refuge regulations (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter and 

part 32).

    20. You must abide by all terms and conditions in the refuge 

hunting brochure.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of pheasants on designated 

areas of the refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the 

following conditions:

    1. We prohibit hunting or taking of pheasants with a shotgun of any 

description capable of holding more than three shells, unless it is 

plugged with a one-piece filler incapable of removal without 

disassembling the gun, so its total capacity does not exceed three 

shells.

    2. Condition A2 applies.

* * * * *

    D. Sport Fishing. * * *

* * * * *

    2. You may fish only in designated areas west of the Auto Tour Road 

access gate from legal sunrise to legal sunset.

    3. We prohibit fishing from refuge bridges and water control 

structures.

    4. You must remove all fishing equipment, personal property, and 

trash from the refuge at the end of each day (see Sec. Sec.  27.93 and 

27.94 of this chapter).

* * * * *

 

Ouray National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    3. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while in the field 

(see Sec.  32.2(k)).

    4. We allow turkey hunting for youth hunters only during the youth-

only and general turkey seasons. We are closed for all limited-entry 

turkey hunts.

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    3. You may use portable tree stands and hunting blinds that do not 

require drilling or nailing into a tree (see Sec.  32.2(i)). You must 

remove all tree stands and blinds no later than the last day of the 

hunting season for which you have a permit (see Sec.  27.93).

    4. We allow any-legal-weapon elk hunting for youth, disabled, and 

depredation pool hunters only prior to October 1. We allow additional 

youth, disabled, and depredation-pool elk hunts after October 1 

according to refuge and State regulations.

* * * * *

    6. We are closed for the general season any-legal-weapon (rifle) 

and muzzleloader bull elk hunts.

    7. We allow any-legal-weapon elk hunting during limited late season 

antlerless elk hunts starting on December 1.

    8. We prohibit the use of bait or hunting over bait (see Sec.  

32.2(i)).

    9. We prohibit the use of trail or game cameras.

* * * * *

    36. Amend Sec.  32.66 Virginia by:

    a. Revising paragraphs C.1. through C.4., C.8. through C.10., and 

C.15., and adding paragraphs C.18. and C.19. under James River National 

Wildlife Refuge;

    b. Revising the introductory text of paragraph A., and revising 

paragraphs A.1. and A.2. under Plum Tree Island National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    c. Revising paragraphs C.1. through C.8. and C.12., and adding 

paragraph

 

[[Page 41037]]

 

C.16. of Presquile National Wildlife Refuge; and

    d. Revising paragraphs C.1. through C.3., C.11., and C.15., and 

adding paragraph C.16. of Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife 

Refuge;

    These additions and revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.66  Virginia.

 

* * * * *

 

James River National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. We require hunters to possess and carry a refuge hunting permit 

(contains date selected to hunt and permit number), along with their 

State hunting license while on refuge property. We require hunters to 

display a vehicle permit (contains date selected to hunt and permit 

number) provided by the refuge on the dashboard of their vehicle while 

on the refuge so that the permit is visible through the windshield.

    2. We require firearm hunters to complete and sign a Quota Deer 

Hunt Application (FWS Form 3-2354) and provide the application and hunt 

fee to the hunt administrator at the Refuge Hunter Check Station on the 

morning of each hunt on a first-come-first-served basis. The hunt 

administrator will then provide the applicant a one-day refuge hunting 

permit.

    3. We require persons who wish to hunt during the refuge's archery 

season to obtain a refuge hunting permit through a lottery administered 

by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. We notify 

successful applicants by mail or email, and if we receive the hunting 

fee by the date identified in the mailing, we mail refuge hunting 

permits to successful applicants.

    4. We allow archery, muzzleloader, and shotgun hunting on 

designated days as indicated on refuge hunting permits.

* * * * *

    8. We require hunters during archery-only seasons to wear, in a 

visible manner, a minimum of 100 square inches (645 cm\2\) of solid-

colored-hunter-orange clothing or material while moving to and from 

their stand and/or hunting location.

    9. We require hunters during firearms and muzzleloader seasons to 

wear in a conspicuous manner on head, chest, and back a minimum of 400 

square inches (2,600 cm\2\) of solid-colored- hunter-orange clothing or 

material.

    10. We require that hunters during firearms and muzzleloader 

seasons remain within 100 feet (30 m) of their assigned stand while 

hunting.

* * * * *

    15. An adult age 21 or older, possessing and carrying a valid 

hunting license and refuge hunting permit, must accompany and directly 

control youth hunters ages 12 to 17. We prohibit persons under age 12 

to hunt on the refuge.

* * * * *

    18. We require hunters to unload hunting bows, crossbows, 

muzzleloaders, and shotguns while in or around vehicles or on refuge 

roads (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter). We define unloaded as: arrows 

or bolts removed from bow or crossbow, primer removed from muzzleloader 

or shotgun shell removed from chamber of shotgun.

    19. We require hunters during archery-only seasons to sign in and 

out at the Hunter Sign-In/Sign-Out stations, and record deer harvest 

information on the Big Game Harvest Report (FWS Form 3-2359).

* * * * *

 

Plum Tree Island National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of migratory 

waterfowl, gallinule, and coot on designated areas of the refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. We require hunters to possess and carry a refuge hunting permit 

(see condition A2 below) along with their State hunting license and 

stamps, while hunting migratory game birds on the refuge. We open the 

Cow Island unit of the refuge only to migratory game bird hunting. We 

close all other areas of the refuge to all public entry.

    2. We require migratory game bird hunters to obtain a permit 

through a lottery administered by the Virginia Department of Game and 

Inland Fisheries. We mail permits to successful applicants.

* * * * *

 

Presquile National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. We require big game hunters to obtain a permit through a lottery 

administered by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. 

We require a fee to obtain a refuge hunting permit. We will notify 

successful applicants by mail or email, and if we receive the hunting 

fee by the date identified in the mailing, we will mail refuge hunting 

permits to successful applicants.

    2. We require hunters to possess a refuge hunting permit (contains 

date selected to hunt and permit number), along with their State 

hunting license, while on refuge property.

    3. We require stand hunting only. Stand hunting means the use of 

portable hunting blinds, portable tree stands, or stationary ground 

hunting. We prohibit the use of nails, screws, bolts, or screw-in 

steps. We prohibit damage to trees (see Sec.  32.2(i)). Hunters must 

remove stands and blinds daily (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter).

    4. We prohibit the use of ``man drives,'' defined as individual or 

group efforts intended to ``push'' or ``jump'' deer for the purposes of 

hunting.

    5. We allow shotgun hunting on designated days as indicated on 

refuge hunting permits, in the State hunting guide, and on the refuge 

Web site, http://www.fws.gov/northeast/presquile/ presquile/.

    6. We allow the take of two deer of either sex per day.

    7. We prohibit dogs.

    8. We prohibit the discharge of a weapon within 300 feet (90 m) of 

any building.

* * * * *

    12. An adult age 21 or older, possessing and carrying a valid 

hunting license and refuge hunting permit, must accompany and directly 

control youth hunters ages 12 to 17. We prohibit persons younger than 

age 12 to hunt on the refuge.

* * * * *

    16. We require hunters to unload hunting bows, crossbows, 

muzzleloaders, and shotguns while in or around vehicles or on refuge 

roads (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter). We define unloaded as: arrows 

or bolts removed from bow or crossbow, primer removed from 

muzzleloader, or shotgun shell removed from chamber of shotgun.

* * * * *

 

Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife Refuge

 

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. We require big game hunters to obtain a permit through a lottery 

administered by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. 

We require a fee to obtain a refuge hunting permit (signed and dated 

sheet). We will notify successful applicants by mail or email, and if 

we receive the hunting fee by the date identified in the mailing, we 

will mail refuge hunting permits to successful applicants. We offer 

walk-in registration to fill hunting slots not filled during the 

lottery process.

    2. We require hunters to possess a refuge hunting permit (contains 

date selected to hunt and permit number), along with their State 

hunting license, while on refuge property. We require

 

[[Page 41038]]

 

hunters to display a vehicle permit (contains date selected to hunt and 

permit number) provided by the refuge on the dashboard of their vehicle 

while on the refuge so that the permit is visible through the 

windshield.

    3. We require stand hunting only. Stand hunting means the use of 

portable hunting blinds, portable tree stands, or stationary ground 

hunting. We prohibit the use of nails, screws, bolts, or screw-in 

steps. We prohibit damage to trees (see Sec.  32.2(i)). Hunters must 

remove stands and blinds daily (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter). We 

prohibit deer drives, still hunting, and roaming.

* * * * *

    11. Persons possessing, transporting, or carrying firearms on the 

refuge must comply with all provisions of State and local law. Persons 

may only use (discharge) firearms in accordance with refuge regulations 

(see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter).

* * * * *

    15. We prohibit the discharge of hunting firearms or archery 

equipment within 300 feet (90 m) of any building. We prohibit the 

discharge of hunting firearms or archery equipment in or across a 

refuge road as marked on the refuge hunt maps.

    16. We require hunters to unload hunting bows, crossbows, 

muzzleloaders, and shotguns while in or around vehicles or on refuge 

roads (see Sec.  27.42 of this chapter). We define unloaded as: arrows 

or bolts removed from bow or crossbow, primer removed from 

muzzleloader, or shotgun shell removed from chamber of shotgun.

* * * * *

    37. Amend Sec.  32.67 Washington by:

    a. Revising paragraph A.1., removing paragraph A.6., and revising 

paragraph C.3. under Columbia National Wildlife Refuge; and

    b. Revising the entry for Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle 

Mountain National Wildlife Refuge.

    The revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.67  Washington.

 

* * * * *

 

Columbia National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

    1. We prohibit overnight parking and/or camping.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    3. We allow hunting with shotgun, muzzleloader, and archery only.

* * * * *

 

Hanford Reach National Monument/Saddle Mountain National Wildlife 

Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. We allow hunting of goose, duck, 

coot, dove, and snipe on designated areas of the Monument/Refuge in 

accordance with State regulations subject to the following conditions:

    1. We prohibit overnight camping and/or parking.

    2. You may possess only approved nontoxic shot for hunting (see 

Sec.  32.2(k)).

    3. We prohibit discharge of any firearm within \1/4\ mile (396 m) 

of any maintained building or Federal facility, such as, but not 

limited to, a structure designed for storage, human occupancy, or 

shelter for animals.

    4. We allow only portable blinds and temporary blinds constructed 

of nonliving natural materials. Hunters must remove all decoys and 

other equipment (see Sec.  27.93 of this chapter) at the end of each 

day.

    5. We allow only nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors 

on the WB-10 Pond (Wahluke Lake) and with walk-in access only.

    6. We close all islands within the Columbia River to all access.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. We allow hunting of pheasant, quail, grey 

partridge, and chukar partridge on designated areas of the Monument/

Refuge in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions: Conditions A1, A2, A3, and A6 apply.

    C. Big Game Hunting. We allow hunting of deer and elk on designated 

areas of the Monument/Refuge in accordance with State regulations 

subject to the following conditions:

    1. We allow sport hunting of deer and elk on designated areas of 

the Monument/Refuge.

    i. Conditions A1, A3, and A6 apply.

    ii. We allow hunting with shotgun, muzzleloader, and archery only.

    2. We allow population control hunting of elk on the Rattlesnake 

Unit of the Monument/Refuge.

    i. Condition A1 applies, and we also prohibit smoking.

    ii. We require elk population control hunters to participate in a 

Service-directed, hunt-specific training session each year prior to 

hunting and receive a Service-provided permit (signed brochure) that 

hunters must carry at all times.

    iii. We allow hunting with modern firearms only.

    iv. We allow authorized vehicles only on designated roads and only 

in designated parking areas.

    v. We prohibit the use of bicycles and carts.

    vi. We allow hunting Monday through Friday only.

    vii. Hunters must sign in and out each day and report success and/

or failure of any hit-but-not-retrieved animals when signing out each 

day.

    viii. We allow foot access only beyond designated roads and parking 

areas.

    ix. We prohibit retrieval of animals outside the hunt area without 

prior Service approval.

    x. All hunt assistants must check-in and out and be under the 

supervision of the permitted hunter at all times.

    D. Sport Fishing. We allow fishing on the Wahluke and Ringold Units 

in accordance with State regulations subject to the following 

conditions:

    1. Conditions A1, A5, and A6 apply.

    2. We allow access from legal sunrise to legal sunset, except that 

we allow access to the Wahluke Unit's White Bluffs boat launch from 2 

hours before legal sunrise until 2 hours after legal sunset for launch 

and recovery activities only.

* * * * *

    38. Amend Sec.  32.68 West Virginia by revising paragraph A.2., 

adding paragraph A.9., revising paragraph B.1., removing paragraph 

B.2., redesignating paragraphs B.3. through B.6. as paragraphs B.2. 

through B.5., revising paragraph C.1., and removing paragraph C.12. 

under Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge.

    This addition and these revisions read as follows:

 

 

Sec.  32.68  West Virginia.

 

* * * * *

 

Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge

 

    A. Migratory Game Bird Hunting. * * *

* * * * *

    2. We allow hunting on refuge lands with the following exceptions: 

the area surrounding the refuge headquarters, safety zones, areas 

marked as no hunting zones, areas marked as closed to all public entry, 

and areas within 500 feet (150 m) of any dwelling in accordance with 

State regulations.

* * * * *

    9. We close the Research Natural Area except for deer hunting, 

which we allow for management purposes.

    B. Upland Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 (Upland/Small Game/Furbearer Report, FWS Form 3-

2362), A2, A4, A6, A7, and A9 apply.

* * * * *

    C. Big Game Hunting. * * *

    1. Conditions A1 (Big Game Harvest Report, FWS Form 3-2359), A2, 

A4, A6, A7, A9, and B3 apply.