National Association of Charterboat Operators

Recovery Plan for the Central California Coast Coho Salmon

NMFS announces the adoption of a Final Endangered Species Act (ESA) recovery plan for the Central California Coast coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) Evolutionarily Significant Unit (ESU). The Final Recovery Plan for Central California Coast coho salmon (Final Recovery Plan) is now available. In addition, informative public meetings will be held (see below for dates and locations).

Electronic copies of the Final Recovery Plan are available online at:,

    A CD-ROM of the Final Recovery Plan can be obtained by emailing a request to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. with the subject line ``CD-ROM Request for CCC coho Salmon Recovery Plan'', by phone at 707-200-2788, or by writing to NMFS Protected Resources Division, 777 Sonoma Avenue, Room 325, Santa Rosa, CA 95404 ATTN: Recovery Coordinator.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Charlotte Ambrose, Central California Coast Recovery Coordinator by email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or by phone at 707-575-6068.


The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA), as amended (16 U.S.C. 

1531 et seq.) requires that we (NOAA) develop and implement recovery 

plans for the conservation and survival of threatened and endangered 

species under our jurisdiction, unless it is determined that such plans 

would not result in the conservation of the species. We designated 

Central California Coast coho salmon as threatened in the Federal 

Register on October 21, 1996 (61 FR 56138). Due to severe declines, we 

uplisted the species to endangered status on June 28, 2005 (70 FR 

37160). We published a Notice of Availability of the Draft Recovery 

Plan in the Federal Register on March 18, 2010 (75 FR 13081) and held 

three public meetings to obtain comments on the Draft Plan. In response 

to multiple requests, we extended the public comment period for an 

additional 60 days on May 7, 2010 (75 FR 25204). We received extensive 

comments on the Draft Plan, summarized the comments and identified the 

comments that prompted revisions for the Final Recovery Plan. We 

revised the Draft Plan based on the comments received, and this final 

version now constitutes the Recovery Plan for the Evolutionarily 

Significant Unit of Central California Coast Coho Salmon.

The Final Plan

The ESA requires that recovery plans incorporate, to the extent 

practicable: (1) Objective, measurable criteria which, when met, would 

result in a determination that the species is no longer threatened or 

endangered; (2) site-specific management actions necessary to achieve 

the plan's goals; and (3) estimates of the time required and costs to 

implement recovery actions. Our goal is to restore endangered Central 

California Coast coho salmon to the point where they are again secure, 

self-sustaining members of their ecosystems and no longer need the 

protections of the ESA.

    The Final Recovery Plan provides background on the natural history 

of Central California Coast coho salmon, population trends and the 

potential threats to their viability. The Final Recovery Plan lays out 

a recovery strategy to address the potential threats based on the best 

available science and includes goals that incorporate objective, 

measurable criteria which, when met, would result in a determination 

that the species be removed from the list. The Final Recovery Plan is 

not regulatory, but presents guidance for use by agencies and 

interested parties to assist in the recovery of Central California 

Coast coho salmon. The Final Recovery Plan identifies substantive 

actions needed to achieve recovery by addressing the threats to the 

species. The strategy for recovery includes a linkage between 

management actions and an active research and monitoring program 

intended to fill data gaps and assess effectiveness. The Final Recovery 

Plan incorporates an adaptive management framework by which management 

actions and other elements will evolve and adapt as we gain information 

through research and monitoring and it describes the agency guidance on 

time lines for reviews of the status of species and recovery plans. To 

address threats related to the species, the Final Recovery Plan 

references many of the significant efforts already underway to restore 

Central California Coast coho salmon access to high quality habitat and 

to improve habitat previously degraded.

    We expect the Final Recovery Plan to help us and other Federal 

agencies take a consistent approach to section 7 consultations under 

the ESA and to other ESA decisions. For example, the Final Recovery 

Plan will provide information on the biological context for 

the effects that a proposed action may have on the listed ESU. The best 

available information in the Final Recovery Plan on the natural 

history, threats, and potential limiting factors, and priorities for 

recovery can be used to help assess risks. Consistent with the adoption 

of this Final Recovery Plan for Central California Coast coho salmon, 

we will implement relevant actions for which we have authority, work 

cooperatively on implementation of other actions, and encourage other 

Federal and state agencies to implement recovery actions for which they 

have responsibility and authority.

    Recovery of Central California Coast coho salmon will require a 

long-term effort in cooperation and coordination with Federal, state, 

tribal and local government agencies, and the community.


NMFS has reviewed the Plan for compliance with the requirements of 

ESA section 4(f), determined that it does incorporate the required 

elements and is therefore adopting it as the Final Recovery Plan for 

Central California Coast coho salmon.

Public Meetings

Public meetings are planned for Ukiah, Santa Cruz, and Santa Rosa, 

CA. Workshops will be held at the locations and dates listed below:





September 11, 2012, 10 a.m.-12 p.m.;  September 5, 2012, 10 a.m.-12 p.m.;   September 6, 2012, 10 a.m.-12 p.m.;

 Redwood Empire Fairgrounds, Fair      Hilton Santa Cruz/Scotts Valley,      Wells Fargo Center for the Arts,

 Arts Building, 1055 State Street,     Pine/Oak Room, 6001 La Madrona        Carston Cabaret Room, 50 Mark West

 Ukiah, CA, 95482.                     Drive, Santa Cruz, CA 95060.          Springs Road Santa Rosa, CA 95403.


Information on exact locations, dates and times will also be posted on the above Web site.

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